Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Orthotomicus erosus

Orthotomicus erosus (Wollaston, 1857)

mediterranean pine engraver

on Pinus

parasite

Mainly in dead wood, but also capable to infest live trees that are stressed by drought etc. The females gnaw a gallery in the bark (in the phloem) and deposit individual eggs; the larvae make their individual gallery in the phloem. Polygamous species.

host plants

Pinaceae, oligophagous

Abies nordmanniana subsp. equi-trojani, pinsapo; Cedrus atlantica, deodara, libani; Picea orientalis; Pinus brutia, canariensis, halepensis, nigra & subsp. pallasiana + salzmannii, pinaster, pinea, radiata, sylvestris, uncinata; Pseudotsuga menziesii.

phenology

2-7 generations per year.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2020).

synonyms

Ips erosus.

references

Ciesla, Erkanat & Akeson (2011a), Doychev & Ovcharov (2006a), Duffy (1953a), Faccoli & Cecchi (2003a), Forbicioni, Abbazzi, Bellò ao (2019a), Gatti (2011a), Haack (2004a), Lee, Haack, Negrón, ao (2007a), Lieutier, Mendel & Faccoli (2016a), Lombardero (1995a), López Romero, Romón Ochoa, Iturrondobeitia Bilbao & Goldaracena Lafuente (2007a), Lukić, Zgrablić & Mičetić Stanković (2019a), Mifsud & Knížek (2009a), Munroe (1926a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Ruiz-Portero, Barranco & Cabello (2004a), Sanchez, Chittaro, Germann & Knížek (2020a), Sarıkaya (2013a), Sarikaya & Şen (2017a), Sarikaya & Yildirim (2011a), Vorst, Heijerman, van Nunen & van Wielink (2008a).

Last modified 3.iv.2021