Tomicus piniperda (Linnaeus, 1758)

on Pinus

Tomicus piniperda "gall"

Pinus sylvestris, Hoge Veluwe © Arnold Grosscurt

gall

Cases like the, with just a weak swelling of the shoot, are at the border of what still can be called a gall.

host plants

Pinaceae, monophagous

Pinus sylvestris.

references

Douglas, Bouchard, Anderson ao (2013a).

mod 8.iii.2019