Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Rhynchophorus ferrugineus

Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Olivier, 1790)

red palm weevil

on Phoenix, etc.

Rhynchophorus ferrugineus on Phoenix canariensis

Phoenix canariensis, Montenegro © Ch Malumphy (from Malumphy & Moran): dying tree


The larvae, up to 5 cm long, bore in the stems; there also the pupatio, in a tough cocoon made out of plant fibres. The adults feed on the leaves.

host plants

Arecaceae, oligophagous

Phoenix canariensis, canariensis, theophrasti;Washingtonia.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2020).


Important pest., to such a degree that it is modifying the Mediterranean scenery.


Anagnou–Veroniki, Papaioannou–Souliotis, Karanstasi & Giannopolitis (2008a), Hrnčić, Radonjić & Perović (2017a), Malumphy & Moran (2019a), Stüben (2017a).

Last modified 27.xi.2020