Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Trachys pumilus

Trachys pumilus (Illiger, 1803)


Full depth blotch. The point of oviposition is covered by a shining black drop of dried secretion. Pupation within the mine; the pupa not in a cocoon.

host plants

Lamiaceae, oligophagous

Ballota hirsuta; Phlomis crinita, purpurea.


Larvae from April on (Hering, 1957a).


Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

Spain (Fauna Europaea, 2009).


Trachys pumila; T. major Perris, 1864.


The systematic position of T. pumilus is not settled. The Fauna Europaea considers it a valid species, limited to Spain an the Balearic Islands; Niehuis (2004a) also considers pumilus a good species, but does not exclude that it might occur on Phlomis crinita and purpurea in the Balkan. Other authors consider scrobiculatus and pumilus synonymous (and in that case pumilus were the valid name and has the species a distribution from Spain and Crete up to Norway).


Beiger (1979a), Bilý (1994a), Brechtel & Kostenbader (2002a), Cobos (1986a), Hering (1932g, 1936b, 1957a), López-Pérez (2009a), Niehuis (2004a), Panin, Săvulecu & Ruicănescu (2015a), Sakalian (2003a), Sánchez Sobrino & Tolosa Sánchez (2005a), Théry (1942a), Verdugo (2005a), Verdugo Paez (1997a, 2000a, 2002a).

Last modified 11.iv.2021