Trachys pumilus (Illiger, 1803)

mine

Full depth blotch. The point of oviposition is covered by a shining black drop of dried secretion. Pupation within the mine; the pupa not in a cocoon.

hostplants

Lamiaceae, oligophagous

Ballota hirsuta; Phlomis crinita, purpurea.

phenology

Larvae from April on (Hering, 1957a).

BENELUX

Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

Spain (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

synonyms

Trachys major Perris, 1864.

notes

The systematic position of T. pumilus is not settled. The Fauna Europaea considers it a valid species, limited to Spain an the Balearic Islands; Niehuis (2004a) also considers pumilis a good species, but does not exclude that it might occur on Phlomis crinita and purpurea in the Balkan. Other authors consider scrobiculatus and pumilus synonymous (and in that case pumilus were the valid name and has the species a distribution from Spain and Crete up to Norway).

references

Beiger (1979a), Bilý (1994a), Brechtel & Kostenbader (2002a), Cobos (1986a), Hering (1932g, 1936b, 1957a), Niehuis (2004a), Sánchez Sobrino & Tolosa Sánchez (2005a), Théry (1942a), Verdugo Paez (1997a).

mod 24.viii.2018