Agromyza alnibetulae Hendel, 1931

>Agromyza alnibetulae: mine on Betula pubescens

Betula pubescens, Maarn

1527015270

Betula pubescens, Hilversum

mine

An unusually long, upper-surface corridor that widens only little and winds freely through the leaf. Frass in two neat rows. Pupation outside the mine; exit slit (always?) in the lower epidermis.

hostplants

Betulaceae, monophagous

Betula pendula, pubescens.

phenology

Mines are found from May till October.

BENELUX

BE recorded (De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus, 1991a).

NE recorded (de Meijere, 1939a).

LUX waargenomen (Ellis).

distribution within Europe

From Norway to Italy, and from Ireland to Romania (Fauna Europaea, 2007); Bulgaria (Buhr, 1941b), Slovenia (Maček, 1999a).

larva

synonyms

Untill about 1970 one believed that a single Agromyza species lived on Alder and Birch, which was called A. alnibetulae. Only then Spencer (1969a) noted that in fact two species were involved, A. alnibetulae living only on Birch, A. alnivora only on Alder.

Agromyza albitarsis Zetterstedt 1848, nec Meigen, 1830.

notes

Hering (1957a) writes that very rarely “A. alnibetulae” occurs on Carpinus. Obviously, it cannot be decided whether this remark concerns alnibetulae or alnivora.

references

As explained above, references without hostplant information, published before 1970, are unreliable.

Ahr (1966a), Beuk (2002a), Bland (1977a, 1992b), De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus (1991a), Buhr (1932a, 1941b, 1964a), Černý & Merz (2007a), Csóka (2003a), van Frankenhuyzen & Houtman (1972a), van Frankenhuyzen Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Haase (1942a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1931b, 1955b, 1957a), Huber (1969a), Kollár (2007a), Kozlov, van Nieukerken, Zverev & Zvereva (2013a), Maček (1999a), Manning (1956a), de Meijere (1924a, 1939a), Michalska (1972a, 1976a, 2003a), Nowakowski (1954a), Ostrauskas, Pakalniškis & Taluntytė (2003a), Pakalniškis (1983a), Papp & Černý (2015a), Robbins, (1991a), Skala (1951a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Skuhravá & Roques (2000a), Sønderup (1949a), Spencer (1969a, 1972a, 1976a), Stammer (2016a), Starke (1942a), Starý (1930a), Süss & Moreschi (2003a), Surányi (1942a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a), Zoerner (1969a, 1970a).

mod 10.vii.2018