Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Agromyza anthracina

Agromyza anthracina Meigen, 1830

Agromyza anthracina: mines on Urtica dioica

Urtica dioica, Hungary, Kimle, 24.v.2018 © László Érsek

Agromyza anthracina: mine on Urtica dioica

detail, lighted from behind

Agromyza anthracina: larva

larva, dorsal

Agromyza anthracina: larva

larva, anterior part, ventral

Agromyza anthracina: larva

larva, posterior part, ventral

Agromyza anthracina: mine on Urtica dioica

Urtica dioica, Amstelveen, 6.vi.2002

Agromyza anthracina: mine on Urtica dioica

Urtica dioica, Duin en Kruidberg, 2.vi.2002: frass in a long thread

Agromyza anthracina: mine on Urtica dioica

Urtica dioica, Nieuwendam, 9.x.2006: mine full depth, with vague primary and secondary feeding lines

Agromyza anthracina: mine on Urtica dioica

Urtica dioica, Belgium, prov. East Flanders, Oudenaarde, bois t’Ename, 18.x.2014 © Carina Van Steenwinkel

Agromyza anthracina: mine on Urtica dioica

frass usually partly as a hair-thin thread

mine

Full depth (unusual, for an agromyzid) mine with indistinct primary and secondary feeding lines. Generally the mines lies in the centre of the leaf. The mine starts as a narrow corridor, strongly, ‘intestine-like’, wound (unless the mine lies near the leaf margin, in which case the first part of the corridor follows the leaf margin). Further on the corridor widens into an elongated blotch. Part of the frass in a long fine thread. In comparison with the other two Agromyza‘s on Nettle the mine is much clearer, less green-cloudy. Pupation outside the mine.

host plants

Urticaceae, oligophagous

Parietaria officinalis; Urtica dioica, pilulifera, radicans, urens.

Urtica is the most important hostplant by far. Mentioned by Maček (1999a, Slovenia) also from Humulus lupulus.

phenology

In two generations: larvae in May-June and September-October. In most years very common.

BENELUX

BE recorded Scheirs, De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus (1996a).

NE recorded (de Meijere, 1924a).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 12007).

distribution within Europe

From Scandinavia to Spain, and from Ireland to Poland Serbia (Fauna Europaea, 2007; Černý & Merz, 2006a; Gil Ortiz, 2009a).

larva

puparium

synonyms

Agromyza freyi Hendel, 1931.

references

Beiger (1955a, 1960a, 1965a, 1970a, 1979a), Beuk (200a), Bland (1992b), Buhr (1932a, 1964a), Černý (2001a, 2011a), Černý & Merz (2005a, 2006a, 2007a), Černý & Vála (1999a), Černý, Vála & Barták (2001a), Ci̇velek, Çikman & Dursun (2008a), Civelek, Tonguc, Ozgul & Dursun (2007a), Dempewolf (2001a), van Frankenhuyzen Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Gil Ortiz (2009a), Gil-Ortiz, Martinez & Jiménez-Peydró (2010a), Griffiths (1962a), Hering (1955b, 1957a), Kabos (1971a), Maček (1999a), Manning (1956a), de Meijere (1924a, 1939a), Michalska (1970a, 1972a, 1976a), Niblett (1956a), Nowakowski (1954a, 1964a), O’Connor (2001a), Pakalniškis (1990a), Papp & Černý (2015a), Robbins (1991a), Scheirs, De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus (1996a, 1999a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Spencer (1953a, 1972a, 1976a), Starke (1942a), Starý (1930a), Surányi (1942a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a), Ureche (2010a), van Wielink (2020a), Zoerner (1969a).

Last modified 25.ii.2021