Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Hexomyza simplex

Hexomyza simplex (Loew, 1869)

asparagus miner

on Asparagus


Oviposition in the rind of the stem, just above the ground. A corridor from there runs upwards for about 30 cm, then reverts and descends to about ground level. Pupation in the mine, just below the epidermis. Usually several mines on one plant; the plant can effectively be ringed and be killed.


Asparagaceae, monophagous

Asparagus officinalis.

Pest species (Spencer, 1973b).


Mines in June-August (Hering, 1957a).


BE not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2007).

NE recorded: an illustration in Spencer (1973b) shows a mine originating from the Netherlands.

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2007).

distribution within Europe

From Poland tot the Pyrenees, and from the UK to Italy (Fauna Europaea, 2007).


Described by Spencer (1973b) and Dempewolf (2001a).




Melanagromyza, Ophiomyia simplex.

parasitoids, predators

Chorebus rondanii; Cyrtogaster vulgaris; Eupelmus vesicularis; Merismus megapterus; Spaniopus dissimilis.


Anagnou–Veroniki, Papaioannou–Souliotis, Karanstasi & Giannopolitis (2008a) , Beiger (1989a), Benavent-Corai, Martinez, Moreno Marí & Jiménez Peydró (2004a), Černý (2013a), Cerny & Merz (2006a), Ci̇velek, Çikman & Dursun (2008a), Darvas, Skuhravá & Andersen (2000a), Dempewolf (2001a), Hering (1957a), Morrison-III, Gibson & Szendrei (2014a), Papp (2009a), Robbins (1991a), Papp & Černý (2015a), Spencer (1966c, 1972a, 1973b, 1976a), Süss (1982a, 1992a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a, 2000a).

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