Hexomyza simplex (Loew, 1869)
Oviposition in the rind of the stem, just above the ground. A corridor from there runs upwards for about 30 cm, then reverts and descends to about ground level. Pupation in the mine, just below the epidermis. Usually several mines on one plant; the plant can effectively be ringed and be killed.
Pest species (Spencer, 1973b).
Mines in June-August (Hering, 1957a).
BE not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2007).
NE recorded: an illustration in Spencer (1973b) shows a mine originating from the Netherlands.
LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2007).
distribution within Europe
From Poland tot the Pyrenees, and from the UK to Italy (Fauna Europaea, 2007).
Described by Spencer (1973b) and Dempewolf (2001a).
Melanagromyza, Ophiomyia simplex.
Beiger (1989a), Benavent-Corai, Martinez, Moreno Marí & Jiménez Peydró (2004a), Černý (2013a), Cerny & Merz (2006a), Ci̇velek, Çikman & Dursun (2008a), Darvas, Skuhravá & Andersen (2000a), Dempewolf (2001a), Hering (1957a), Papp (2009a), Robbins (1991a), Papp & Černý (2015a), Spencer (1966c, 1972a, 1973b, 1976a), Süss (1982a, 1992a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a, 2000a).