Melanagromyza lappae (Loew, 1850)

on Arctium

parasite

Oviposition in a leaf. Via a short gallery mine the larva arrives at a vein. From there it descends as a borer down to the stem. The larva then lives a borer in the pith; there also the pupation.

hostplants

Asteraceae, monofaag

Arctium lappa, minus.

The numerous references to other plant genera in the older literature stem from an incorrect interpretation of the species.

phenology

Univoltine.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2018).

larva

The posterior spiracula are fused into one, strongly chitinised complex. Eh individual spiraculum counts 20-22 papilen around a strong, curved spine.
Melanagromyza lappae: larva

larva (from Hering, 1957b). a,cephalic skeleton; b,mandible; c,anterior spiraculum; d,posterior spiraculum, e,spinulation.

references

Allen (1956a), Beuk (2002a), Bland (1977a), Černý & Merz (2007a), Černý & Vála (1996a), Dempewolf (2001a), Hering (1955b, 1957b, 1967a), Kabos (1971a), de Meijere (1924a, 1939a), Ostrauskas, Pakalniškis & Taluntytė (2003a), Pakalniškis (1996a, 1999a), Papp & Černý (2015a), Robbins (1991a), Spencer (1953a, 1957d, 1972a, 1976a), Starke (1942a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a), Warrington (2018c).

mod 28.ix.2018