Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Melanagromyza lappae

Melanagromyza lappae (Loew, 1850)

on Arctium

Melanagromyza lappae: larva in Arctium stem

Arctium spec., Denmark, southern Zealand © Simon Haarder: larve in het merg van een stengel

Melanagromyza lappae: larva, post. spiraculum

posterior spiraculum of the larva


Oviposition in a leaf. Via a short gallery mine the larva arrives at a vein. From there it descends as a borer down to the stem. The larva then lives a borer in the pith; there also the pupation.

host plants

Asteraceae, monofaag

Arctium lappa, minus.

The numerous references to other plant genera in the older literature stem from an incorrect interpretation of the species.



distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2018).


The posterior spiracula are fused into one, strongly chitinised complex. Eh individual spiraculum counts 20-22 papilen around a strong, curved spine.
Melanagromyza lappae: larva

larva (from Hering, 1957b). a,cephalic skeleton; b,mandible; c,anterior spiraculum; d,posterior spiraculum, e,spinulation.


Allen (1956a), Beuk (2002a), Bland (1977a), Černý & Merz (2007a), Černý & Vála (1996a), Dempewolf (2001a), Hering (1955b, 1957b, 1967a), Kabos (1971a), de Meijere (1924a, 1939a), Ostrauskas, Pakalniškis & Taluntytė (2003a), Pakalniškis (1996a, 1999a), Papp & Černý (2015a), Robbins (1991a), Spencer (1953a, 1957d, 1966c, 1972a, 1976a), Starke (1942a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a), Warrington (2018c).

Last modified 15.viii.2022