Ophiomyia beckeri (Hendel, 1923)
Lapsana communis, Nieuwendam
In Asteraceae the larva mostly lives as a borer in the midrib of the leaves. From there short corridors are made into the blade. Also a corridor can be made overlying the midrib. In Euphorbia a small mine is made in the bracts of the inflorescence. The final mine strongly resembles the one of Liriomyza strigata, but the branches are virtually free from frass; this is accumulated in the resting place of the larva, in the base of the midrib. There also pupation takes place.
Asteraceae, Euphorbiaceae ?; oligophagous.
Centaurea paui; Coreopsis; Crepis capillaria; Euphorbia amygdaloides, helioscopia, serrata; Helminthotheca echioides; Hypochaeris radicata; Lactuca muralis, serriola, tenerrima; Lapsana communis; Launaea; Reichardia picroides; Scorzoneroides autumnalis; Sonchus asper, oleraceus; Taraxacum officinale; Urospermum picroides.
Also mentioned from Centranthus by Robbins (1991a).
The occurrence on Euphorbia does not match well with the long list of Asteraceae host. Spencer (1966c) therefore supposed that Hendel had made a mistake while describing his single specimen of M. euphorbiae, and that Euphorbia gerardiana (now seguieriana) was not the actual host plant. Martinez & Sobhian (2000a) later agreed with this conclusion. However, Spencer’s supposition is not simply in accordance with other references to M. euphorbiae on Euphorbia serrata (by Hering), E. amygdaloides (Kvičala), E. spec. (Skala & Zavřel) and E. helioscopia (Maček).
Larvae in May-June (Hering, 1957a).
BE recorded (Scheirs, De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus, 1995a).
NE observed (Ellis, various localities).
LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2008).
distribution within Europe
From Finland to the Iberian Peninsula, Sicily and Serbia, and from Ireland to Poland (Fauna Europaea, 2008); mainly in southern Europe (Spencer, 1972b).
Melanagromyza beckeri; M. euphorbiae Hendel, 1923; M. goniaea Hendel, 1931.
Buhr (1964a), Černý (2004a, 2007a, 2011a), Černý, Andrade, Gonçalves & von Tschirnhaus (2018a), Černý & Merz (2005a, 2006a, 2007a), Černý & Vála (1996a), Ci̇velek, Çikman & Dursun (2008a), Gill-Ortiz ao (2009a), Hering (1936b, 1957a), Kvičala (1938a), Maček (1999a), Martinez & Sobhian (2000a), Masetti, Lanzoni, Burgio & Süss (2004a), de Meijere (1943a, 1946a, 1950a), Ostrauskas, Pakalniškis & Taluntytė (2003a), Pakalniškis (1983a, 1994a), Papp & Černý (2015a), Robbins (1991a), Scheirs, De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus (1995a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Spencer (1953a, 1956a, 1957a,d,g, 1964a, 1966b,c, 1967a, 1972a,b, 1974a, 1976a), Süss (1999a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a).