Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Ophiomyia cunctata

Ophiomyia cunctata (Hendel, 1920)


Taraxacum officinale, Nieuwendam


Lapsana communis, Rhenen


The mine begins as a very narrow, upper- or lower-surface corridor, somewhere in the blade. When this hits a thick vein the larva uses this to descend towards the midrib. From that moment the lave lives in the hollow midrib. From here short, lobate galleries enter the leaf blade. The larva may move to another leaf by way of the leaf base. The corridors in the leaf are virtually free of frass (at most a few grains where they leave the midrib); frass is concentrated in the base of the midrib. Here also the pupation takes place.

host plants

Asteraceae, narrowly oligophagous

Bellis; Crepis; Hypochaeris; Lactuca muralis; Lapsana communis; Picris hieracioides; Prenanthes; Sonchus arvensis, asper, oleraceus; Taraxacum officinale.

|n Britain Taraxacum is the primary hostplant (Spencer, 1972a). The reference to Euphorbia helioscopia by Starý (1930a) must derive from a misidentification.


Larvae from February (Hering, 1957a).


BE not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

NE recorded (de Meijere, 1924a, 1934a).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

distribution within Europe

Almost entire Europe west of Russia (Fauna Europaea, 2008); also Turkey (Civelek, Deeming & Önder, 2000a).




Melanagromyza cunctata.

parasitoids, predators

Sphegigaster stepicola.


Beiger (1958a, 1970a), Buhr (1964a), Burgio, Lanzoni & Baur (2000a), Černý (2007a, 2011a, 2012a), Černý & Merz (2006a, 2007a), Černý & Vála (1999a, 2006a), Černý, Vála & Barták (2001a), Ci̇velek, Çikman & Dursun (2008a), Civelek, Deeming & Önder (2000a), Cooper (2014a), Drăghia (1968a), Guglya (2016b), Hering (1957a, 1967a), Maček (1999a), Masetti, Lanzoni, Burgio & Süss (2004a), de Meijere (1924a, 1925a, 1934a, 1939a, 1950a), Michalska (1976a), Michna (1975a), Nowakowski (1954a), Ostrauskas, Pakalniškis & Taluntytė (2003a), Pakalniškis (1982b, 1990a, 1994a), Papp & Černý (2015a), Robbins (1991a), Spencer (1956a, 1964a, 1972a, 1976a), Starý (1930a), Süss (1999a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a), Utech (1962a).

Last modified 16.i.2023