Ophiomyia cunctata (Hendel, 1920)

8778

Taraxacum officinale, Nieuwendam

17072

Lapsana communis, Rhenen

mine

The mine begins as a very narrow, upper- or lower-surface corridor, somewhere in the blade. When this hits a thick vein the larva uses this to descend towards the midrib. From that moment the lave lives in the hollow midrib. From here short, lobate galleries enter the leaf blade. The larva may move to another leaf by way of the leaf base. The corridors in the leaf are virtually free of frass (at most a few grains where they leave the midrib); frass is concentrated in the base of the midrib. Here also the pupation takes place.

hostplants

Asteraceae, narrowly oligophagous

Bellis; Crepis; Hypochaeris; Lactuca; Lapsana communis; Mycelis muralis; Picris hieracioides; Prenanthes; Sonchus arvensis, asper, oleraceus; Taraxacum officinale.

|n Britain Taraxacum is the primary hostplant (Spencer, 1972a). The reference to Euphorbia helioscopia by Starý (1930a) must derive from a misidentification.

phenology

Larvae from February (Hering, 1957a).

BENELUX

BE not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

NE recorded (de Meijere, 1924a, 1934a).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

distribution within Europe

Almost entire Europe west of Russia (Fauna Europaea, 2008); also Turkey (Civelek, Deeming & Önder, 2000a).

larva

puparium

synonyms

Melanagromyza cunctata.

references

Beiger (1958a, 1970a), Buhr (1964a), Černý (2007a, 2011a), Černý & Merz (2006a, 2007a), Černý & Vála (1999a, 2006a), Černý, Vála & Barták (2001a), Ci̇velek, Çikman & Dursun (2008a), Civelek, Deeming & Önder (2000a), Cooper (2014a), Drăghia (1968a), Hering (1957a, 1967a), Maček (1999a), Masetti, Lanzoni, Burgio & Süss (2004a), de Meijere (1924a, 1925a, 1934a, 1939a, 1950a), Michalska (1976a), Michna (1975a), Nowakowski (1954a), Ostrauskas, Pakalniškis & Taluntytė (2003a), Pakalniškis (1982b, 1990a, 1994a), Papp & Černý (2015a), Robbins (1991a), Spencer (1956a, 1964a, 1972a, 1976a), Starý (1930a), Süss (1999a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a), Utech (1962a).

mod 17.iii.2018