Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Ophiomyia melandricaulis

Ophiomyia melandricaulis Hering, 1943


The mine generally starts as a fine, lower-surface, corridor the seems to end upon a thick vein. In reality the corridor continues by way of the petiole to the stem, where a very long mine is formed in the rind. Frass in widely spaced grains. Pupation within the mine, mostly just above a node; the front spiracula penetrate the epidermis.

host plants

Caryophyllaceae, oligophagous

Cerastium fontanum subsp. vulgare, glomeratum; Holosteum umbellatum; Moehringia trinervia; Myosoton aquaticum; Silene alba, dioica, flos-cuculi; Stellaria media, nemorum.

Silene dioica is the main hostplant.


Larvae in September (Buhr, 1964a; Hering, 1957a).


Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

distribution within Europe

From Lithuania to the Iberian Peninsula, and from the UK to Slovakia (Fauna Europaea, 2008).


The larva is briefly described by de Meijere (1943a).


Yellowish; rear spiraculum bifid, with 10 papillae (Hering, 1943a).


Ophiomyia moehringiae Hering, 1962.


In earlier instalments of this site I wrote that de Meijere (1939a) had recorded this species from the Netherlands. This is not correct (confusion with the name O. melandryi de Meijere, a stem borer).


Ahr (1966a), Buhr (1964a), Černý (2001a, 2007a, 2012a), Černý, Barták & Roháček (2004a), Černý & Merz (2006a), Černý & Vála (1999a), Černý, Vála & Barták (2001a), Griffiths (1962a), Hering (1943a, 1944d, 1957a, 1962a), de Meijere (1943a, 1950a), Ostrauskas, Pakalniškis & Taluntytė (2003a), Pakalniškis (1990a, 1993a, 1994a), Papp & Černý (2015a), Robbins (1991a), Spencer (1956a, 1960a, 1964a, 1967a, 1971a, 1972a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a).

Last modified 16.i.2023