Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Ophiomyia pulicaria

Ophiomyia pulicaria (Meigen, 1830)


Taraxacum officinale, Nieuwendam




Broad corridor overlying the midrib, with short excursion into the blade, mainly in its basal part. Frass concentrated in the basal part of the mine, corridors almost free from frass. Pupation in the mine, also in the basal part.

host plants

Asteraceae, narrowly oligophagous

Aposeris foetida; Chondrilla juncea; Crepis; Hieracium; Hypochaeris; Lactuca muralis, serriola; Lapsana communis; Leontodon; Picris hieracioides; Prenanthes purpurea; Reichardia; Sonchus asper, oleraceus; Taraxacum officinale.


Larvae from March to July (Hering, 1957a).


BE recorded (De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus, 1991a).

NE recorded (de Meijere. 1924a).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

distribution within Europe

From Scandinavia to the Iberian Peninsula, Italy, and Serbia, and from the UK to the Baltic States and Hungary; also Thrace (Fauna Europaea, 2008) and Bulgaria (Beiger, 1980a).


Described by de Meijere (1928a) and Sasakawa (1961a). Spiracula: front spiraculum an erect spine with ca. 14 papillae in two rows; rear spiraculum with 11-14 papillae. Mandible with 2 teeth, the frontal one much larger than the proximal one.




Agromyza, Melanagromyza, pulicaria; M. olgae Hering, 1922.


In small plants, especially when there are few rosette leaves, also the stem rind may be mined.


Andersen (2016a), Beiger (1955a, 1960a, 1965a, 1980a), Beuk (2002a), De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus (1991a), Buhr (1932a, 1941b, 1964a), Černý (2001a, 2007a, 2011a, 2013a), Černý, Andrade, Gonçalves & von Tschirnhaus (2018a), Černý & Merz (2005a, 2007a), Černý & Vála (1996a, 1999a), Černý, Vála & Barták (2001a), Ci̇velek, Çikman & Dursun (2008a), van Frankenhuyzen, Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Hering (1922a, 1955b, 1957a), Houard (1909a), Huber (1969a), Kabos (1971a), Kieffer (1891a), Maček (1999a), Masetti, Lanzoni, Burgio & Süss (2004a), de Meijere (1924a, 1928a, 1939a), Nowakowski (1954a), Pakalniškis (1983a, 1990a, 1994a, 1998c), Papp & Černý (2015a), Robbins (1991a), Sasakawa (1961a), Scheirs, De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus (1995a, 1996a), Skala (1936a), Sønderup (1949a), Spencer (1956a, 1957g, 1964a, 1972a,b, 1976a), Starke (1942a), Süss (1982a, 1999a), von Tschirnhaus (1982a, 1999a), Zlobin (1986b), Zoerner (1969a).

Last modified 11.vii.2019