Amauromyza verbasci (Bouché, 1847)

Amauromyza verbasci mines

Verbascum sp., Castricum aan Zee

Amauromyza verbasci on Scrophularia nodosa

Scrophularia nodosa, Castricum

Amauromyza verbasci: mines on Scrophiularia nodosa

Scrophularia nodosa, Scrophularia nodosa, landgoed Tongeren © Hans Jonkman: unusual, failed mines (drought?)

8377

Scrophularia nodosa; herbarium specimen, Bergen NH

12676

Scrophularia nodosa, Diemen: very young mine

mine

A short, mostly upper-surface, rarely partly lower-surface corridor leads to a large, upper-surface, primary blotch. The mine initially is pale, turns brown later. Frass in sizeable dispersed grains. Pupation outside the mine; the larva leaves the mine through a semicircular exit slit in the upper epidermis.

host plants

Scrophulariaceae, oligophagous

Buddleja davidii, globosa; Scrophularia nodosa, umbrosa, vernalis; Verbascum banaticum, blattaria, collinum, densiflorum, eriophorum, nigrum, ramigera, speciosum, thapsus, vandasii.

phenology

Larvae in June-July and August-September (Hering, 1957a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus, 1991a).
NE recorded (de Meijere, 1925a, 1939a).
LUX recorded (Ellis, 2002, 2007: Kautenbach, Hobscheid).

distribution within Europe

From Scandinavia to the Iberian Peninsula, Sardinia, Italy and Serbia, and from Ireland to the Baltic States and Roumania (Fauna Europaea, 2007); Corsica (Buhr, 1941b).

larva

synonyms

Dizygomyza, Phytobia verbasci.

notes

The occurrence on both Verbascum and Buddleja confirms the recent placement of the latter genus in the family Scrophulariaceae (see also Hering, 1962a).

references

Amsel & Hering (1933a), Beiger (1955a, 1960a, 1965a, 1970a, 1979a), Beuk (2002a), Bland (1977a), De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus (1991a), Buhr (1932a, 1941a, 1964a), Černý & Merz (2007a), Dempewolf (2001a), Drăghia (1967a, 1968a, 1970a), van Frankenhuyzen Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Haase (1942a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1955b, 1957a), Huber (1969a), Kabos (1971a), Kollár & Hrubík (2009a), Kvičala (1938a), Maček (1999a), Manning (1956a), McCulloch (2019a), de Meijere (1925a, 1939a), Michalska (1972a, 1976a), Michna (1975a), Nowakowski (1954a), Pakalniškis (1982a), Papp & Černý (2016a), Pârvu (2005a), Robbins (1991a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Spencer (1953a, 1971a, 1972a, 1976a), Stammer (2016a), Starke (1942a), Starý (1930a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a), Zoerner (1969a).

mod 6.iv.2019