Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Aulagromyza orphana

Aulagromyza orphana (Hendel, 1920)


The mine begins in a leaf, that soon withers (sign to look for, when trying to find this miner). The larva continues living as a miner in the skin of the stem. Puparium in the mine).

host plants

Rubiaceae, monophagous

Galium aparine, palustre.


Larvae in July-August (Hering, 1957a); June (Dempewolf, 2001).


BE recorded (Scheirs, De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus, 1999a).

NE recorded (de Meijere, 1924a, 1939a).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2007).

distribution within Europe

From the British Isles, Denmark en Poland to the Iberian Peninsula; also in Thrace (Fauna Europaea, 2007) and Turkey (Civelek, Deeming & Önder, 2000a).


The larva is described by de Meijere (1941a) and Dempewolf (2001a); rear spiraculum with about 25 papillae in a semicircle. The last abdominal segment with a conspicuous, ventral, sac-like protuberance.

Aulagromyza orphana: puparium details

cephalic skeleton, front spiraculum (op middle), hind spiraculum (top right and bottom) and lateral view of puparium rear end showing the sac-like protuberance (from de Meijere 1941a).


Paraphytomyza, Phytagromyza orphana.


The association between larva and fly has not yet been established by breeding (Spencer, 1976a; Dempewolf, 2001a). Moreover, Dempewolf found that in Bielefeld oviposition invariably takes place in the stem, not in a leaf.


Černý (2001a, 2007a, 2009a, 2011a), Černý, Andrade, Gonçalves & von Tschirnhaus (2018a), Černý & Merz (2006a), Černý & Vála (1999a), Černý, Vála & Barták (2001a), Ci̇velek, Çikman & Dursun (2008a), Civelek, Deeming & Önder (2000a), Gil Ortiz (2009a), Hering (1955b), de Meijere (1924a, 1939a, 1941a), Papp & Černý (2016a), Robbins (1991a), Spencer (1954a, 1972a, 1976a), von Tschirnhaus (1969a, 1999a).

Last modified 14.xii.2018