Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Aulagromyza populi

Aulagromyza populi (Kaltenbach, 1864)

on Populus

Aulagromyza populi on Populus x canadensis: mine

Populus x canadensis, Hungary, Budapest, © László Érsek

Aulagromyza populi on Populus x canadensis: mine

the mine starts at the underside (bottom of the picture)

Aulagromyza populi on Populus x canadensis: frass pattern

frass pattern

Aulagromyza populi on Populus x canadensis: larva


Aulagromyza populi on Populus x canadensis: puparium

puparium, ventral

Aulagromyza populi on Populus x canadensis: puparium


Aulagromyza populi: mine on Populus x canadensis

Populus x canadensis, Belgium, prov. Liège, Braives, 5.vii.2011 © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Aulagromyza populi: mine on Populus x canadensis



Populus x canadensis, Amsterdam, 15.x.2005


Populus nigra, Serooskerke, Schouwen-Duiveland, 26.x.2007: puparium in the mine


Yellowish, tortuous corridor with the sides very untidily eaten out. The mine frequently starts at the lower surface, mostly, but by no means always, turning upper-surface later on. Frass in isolated grains, irregularly distributed at either side of the corridor. Puparium brown, in a widened pupal chamber in the mine; near the frontal end of the pupa the epidermis is already more or less torn open.

host plants

Salicaceae, monophagous

Populus alba, x berolinensis, x canadensis, carolinensis, gileadensis, nigra incl. cv. “italica”, simonii, tremula, trichocarpa.


Larvae in June and September-October (Hering, 1957a).


BE recorded (Scheirs ao, 1994a).

NE recorded (de Meijere, 1924a, 1939a).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2007).

distribution within Europe

From Scandinavia to the Iberian Peninsula, Italy, Serbia and Thrace, and from the UK to the Baltic States and Moldavia (Fauna Europaea, 2007).




Agromyza, Paraphytomyza, Phytagromyza populi; Paraphytomyza, Phytagromyza populivora (Hendel, 1926).

parasitoids, predators

Chrysocharis pubicornis, viridis; Schimitschekia populi.


Sasakawa (1961a) mentions the species from Japan, with not only Populus nigra as a host plant, but also Salix babylonica. He adds that on a single willow leave up to 22 larvae were found. This sheds some doubt about Sasakawa’s identification, and the illustrations of the larva that he provides should be used with some caution.


Beiger (1979a), Benavent, Martínez, Moreno & Jiménez (2004a), Beuk (2002a), Bouček (1965a), Braggion (2013a), Buhr (1932a, 1964a), Černý, Vála & Barták (2001a), Ci̇velek, Çikman & Dursun (2008a), Drăghia (1967a, 1968a), van Frankenhuyzen & Houtman (1972a), van Frankenhuyzen Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Guglya (2021a), Haase (1942a), Hering (1923a, 1925a, 1955b, 1957a), Huber (1969a), Kabos (1971a), Maček (1999a), Manning (1956a), Martinez & Gumez (1998a), Matošević, Pernek, Dubravac & Barić (2009a), de Meijere (1924a, 1939a), Nowakowski (1954a), Papp & Černý (2016a), Popescu-Gorj & Drăghia (1966a), Robbins (1991a), Pakalniškis (1982b), Sasakawa (1961a), Scheirs ao (1994a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Skuhravá & Roques (2000a), Sønderup (1949a), Spencer (1953a, 1954a, 1972a, 1976a), Stammer (2016a), Starke (1942a), Starý (1930a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a), Utech (1962a), Zoerner (1969a, 19870a).

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