Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Aulagromyza similis

Aulagromyza similis (Brischke, 1880)

Aulagromyza similis: mine on Knautia arvensis

Knautia arvensis, Germany, Schwarzwald, Rohrhardsberg, 24.viii.2018 © Cor Zonneveld (in the background Chromatomyia ramosa)

Aulagromyza similis: vacated mine on Knautia arvensis

Knautia arvensis Engeland, Reach Cutting, Cambridgeshire © Ian Barton


Unusually long (up to 16 cm), upper-surface, shallow (whitish) gallery that gradually widens strongly. Sometimes a few small grains of frass in the initial part of the mine. Otherwise the mine is either completely free from frass, or a few big lumps are deposited near the exit slit. Pupation outside the mine.


Asteraceae, Caprifoliaceae: narrowly polyphagous

Centaurea atropurpurea, jacea, phrygia subsp. pseudophrygia + stenolepis; Knautia arvensis, dipsacifolia, drymeia, midzorensis; Scabiosa columbaria; Succisa pratensis.

Hering (1924a) also mentions Campanula trachelium.


Larvae in May-June (Hering, 1957a).


BE recorded (Mortelmans ao, 2014a).

NE not recorded ((Fauna Europaea, 2007).

LUX not recorded ((Fauna Europaea, 2007).

distribution within Europe

From Scandinavia to Spain, Italy and Roumania, and from Ireland to Belarus (Fauna Europaea, 2007; Gil Ortiz, 2009a).


Rear spiraculum with c. 30 papillae.


Paraphytomyza, Phytagromyza similis; Phytagromyza centaureana Hering, 1925; Phytomyza praecedens Strobl, 1898.


Beiger (1955a, 1960a, 1965a, 1970a, 1976a), Buhr (1932a, 1941b, 1964a), Černý & Merz (2007a), Černý & Vála (1996a), Černý, Vála & Barták (2001a), Gil Ortiz (2009a), Gil-Ortiz, Martinez & Jiménez-Peydró (2010a), Griffiths (1962a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1924a, 1925b, 1955b, 1957a), Huber (1969a), Kvičala (1938a), Maček (1999a), Michalska (1970a, 1972a, 1976a), Mortelmans, Boeraeve, Tamsyn, Proesmans & Dekeukeleire (2014a), Nowakowski (1954a), Pakalniškis (1998a), Papp & Černý (2016a), Robbins (1991a), Rydén (1926a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Skala (1936a, 1951a), Spencer (1954b, 1972a, 1976a), Starý (1930a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a).

Last modified 10.ix.2018