Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Chromatomyia gentianae

Chromatomyia gentianae (Hendel, 1920)

mainly on Gentianaceae

Chromatomyia gentianae: mines on Gentiana asclepiadea

Gentiana asclepiadea, Montenegro, Biogradska National Park, 21.vii.2019 ©
Cor Zonneveld: young mines

Chromatomyia gentianae: mines on Gentiana cruciata

Gentiana cruciata, Albania, prov. Shkodër, Theth, 16.vii.2017 © Cor Zonneveld

Chromatomyia gentianae: mines on Gentiana cruciata



Gentiana cruciata, Amstelveen, JP Thijssepark,


The mine begins as a small upper-surface blotch, from which corridors radiate. Wile these become longer and more numerous a secondary blotch develops. Frass in pearl strings. Pupation within the mine. The front spiracula of the white puparium penetrate the plant epidermis.

host plants

Gentianaceae, Melanthiaceae, constrained polyphagous

Centaurium erythraea; Gentiana asclepiadea, “asclepiadella”, cruciata, lutea, pannonica, pneumonanthe, punctata, septemfida, tibetica; Gentianella; Veratrum album.


Larvae in July and August-September (Hering, 1957a).


BE not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2007).

NE recorded (Beuk, 2002a).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2007).

distribution within Europe

From Lithuania to the Iberian Peninsula, and the the Netherlands to Italy; also Bulgaria (Fauna Europaea, 2007).



Phytomyza gentianae; Ph. veratri Hering, 1941; Chromatomyia hecate Pakalniškis, 1998.


In small plants the larvae can also mine the stem (Buhr, 1964a).

Beri (1971e) describes the larva from an unidentified Lamiaceae in India. It is most improbable that his identification is correct.


Ahr (1966a), Beiger (1960a, 2005a), Beri (1972e), Beuk (2002a), Buhr (1941a, 1964a), Černý & Merz (2007a), Černý & Vála (1996a), Csóka (2003a), van Frankenhuyzen, Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Godfray (2015a), Griffiths (1962a), Guglya (2021a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1926b, 1928a, 1941a, 1957a), Huber (1969a), Kvičala (1938a), Maček (1999a), de Meijere (1926a, 1941a), Pakalniškis (1989b), Papp & Černý (2020a), Robbins (1991a), Sasakawa (1961a), Skala (1936a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Spencer (1972a), Starý (1930a), Süss (1982a, 1992a), Surányi (1942a), von Tschirnhaus (1982a, 1999a).

Last modified 5.x.2021