Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Chromatomyia lonicerae

Chromatomyia lonicerae (Robineau-Desvoidy, 1851)

on Leycesteria, Lonicera, Symphoricarpos


Lonicera periclymenum, Boswachterij Westerschouwen


Lonicera periclymenum, Duin- en Kruidberg

Chromatomyia lonicerae puparium

Lonicera periclymenum, Amsterdamsche Bosch, puparium in the mine


The mine begins with a few lower-surface corridors, radiating from one centre that is not associated with the midrib; the corridors are very shallow and not easy to observe. Subsequently some (rarely only one) upper-surface, rather long and often branched corridors are formed from the same centre. Frass mostly at one side, in pearl chains. Pupation within the mine; the front spiracula of the puparium penetrate the plant epidermis.

host plants

Caprifoliaceae, oligophagous

Lonicera alpigena, caprifolium, nigra, periclymenum, tatarica, xylosteum; Symphoricarpos albus.

Observed by Yann Kerninon on Leycesteria formosa.


Larvae found from May to October, in several overlapping generations; common.


BE recorded (De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus, 1991a).

NE recorded (Weyenberg, 1870a).

LUX recorded (Ellis: Kautenbach).

distribution within Europe

From Scandinavia to the Pyrenees and Italy, and from Ireland to Poland (Fauna Europaea, 2007); also Corsica (Buhr, 1941b).




Phytomyza lonicerae; Phytomyza harlemensis Weyenbergh, 1870; Phytagromyza sonderupiana Rydén, 1958; Ph. soenderupiana (misspelling); Phytomyza xylostei (Kaltenbach, 1862). See Griffiths (1974a) or Spencer (1976a) for the complicated synonymy of this species.

parasitoids, predators

Chrysocharis pubicornis.


Sasakawa (1961a) presents illustrations of larva and mine of this species from Japan, but the picture of the mine is so different that it seems doubtful whether the same species is involved.


Beuk (2002a), Bland (1977a, 1992b), De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus (1991a), Buhr (1932a, 1941b, 1964a), Černý & Vála (1996a, 1999a), van Frankenhuyzen & Houtman (1972a), Griffiths (1974a), Haase (1942a), Hering (1924a, 1926b, 1951b, 1955b), Huber (1969a), Katô (1984a, 1985a), Kollár & Hrubík (2009a), Maček (1999a), Manning (1956a), Meijer, Smit, Beukeboom & Schilthuizen (2012a), de Meijere (1924a, 1926a, 1937a, 1949a), Michalska (1976a, 2003a), Nowakowski (1954a), Pakalniškis (1982b), Robbins (1991a), Sasakawa (1961a), Sønderup (1949a), Spencer (1953a, 1972a, 1976a), Stammer (2016a), Starke (1942a), Süss (1992a), Trägårdh (1909a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a), Weijenberg-jr (1870a), Zoerner (1969a, 1970a).

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