Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Chromatomyia primulae

Chromatomyia primulae (Robineau-Desvoidy, 1851)

Chromatomyia primulae: mins on Primula cf. veris

Primula cf. veris, Belgium, Prov. Namur, Furfooz, Parc National de Furfooz © Stéphane Claerebout

Chromatomyia primulae: puparium in the mine

puparium in the mine

Chromatomyia primulae: puparium in the mine

lighted from behind

Chromatomyia primulae: mine on Primula acaulis

Primula acaulis, Germany (Schwarzwald): Badenweiler

Chromatomyia primulae: mine on Primula acaulis

mine in transparancy


Untidy, generally for most part upper-surface, corridor. Frass in widely scattered, relatively large, grains. Pupation wthin the mine, generally in a lower-surface pupal chamber. The front spiracula of the puparium, that are unusually long, penetrate the epidermis, as is the rule in the genus Chromatomyia.

host plants

Primulaceae, monophagous

Primula acaulis, bullesiana, elatior, uralensis, veris.

Also on some garden primroses (Robbins, 1991a).


Larvae in June and August-September (Hering, 1957a).


BE recorded (De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus, 1991a).

NE recorded (de Meijere, 1924a).

LUX not recorded Fauna Europaea, 2007).

distribution within Europe

From Lithuania to the Iberian Peninsula, and from Ireland to Italy Fauna Europaea, 2007); also Bulgaria (Beiger, 1980a).




Phytomyza primulae.

parasitoids, predators

Chrysocharis viridis.


Beiger (1960a, 1970a, 19775b, 1980a, 1989a), Beuk (2002a), Bland (1977a), De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus (1991a), Buhr (1932a), Černý & Vála (1996a), Chałańska, Łabanowski & Soika (2006a), Corbet (2004a), Dempewolf (2001a), van Frankenhuyzen Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Hering (1932a, 1955b, 1957a), Huber (1969a), Kabos (1971a), Maček (1999a), Manning (1956a), de Meijere (1924a, 1939a), Michalska (2003a), Pakalniškis (1986a), Robbins (1991a), Rydén (1926a), Scheirs, De Bruyn & Verdyck (1993), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Spencer (1953a, 1972a, 1976a), Starke (1942a), Starý (1930a), Süss (1992a), Surányi (1942a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a).

Last modified 15.xi.2023