Chromatomyia succisae (Hering, 1922)

mine

Very long, often branched corridor, narrow till very end, for much of its length lower-surface, mostly in the apical part of the leaf. The corridor frequently intersects itself. Frass in discrete grains. Pupation in the mine, puparium in a pupal chamber. Around the mine the leaf almost always turns violet.

hostplants

Caprifoliaceae, oligophagous

Knautia arvensis; Scabiosa columbaria;Succisa pratensis.

Succisa is the main host plant. Hering (1957a) also mentions the species in connection with Dipsacus.

phenology

Larvae in May-June and July-August (Hering, 1957a); hibernation as adult (Hering, 1925b).

BENELUX

BE not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2007).

NE accepted by (Beuk, 2002a) on the basis of a remark by Theowald (1961a) who claims to have found the species hibernating in cigar galls of Liparis in Common Reed. This does not seem very plausible. The ecology of Pragmites and the hostplants of Ch. succisae differ strongly. Dr Herman de Jong kindly checked Theowald’s single specimen, that is kept in the Zoological Museum, Amsterdam. It is not in perfect condition, making a positive identification impossible; but it certainly does not belong to Ch. succisae.

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2007).

distribution within Europe

From Denmark to the Pyrenees and Italy, and from Ireland to Poland (Fauna Europaea, 2007).

>larve

puparium

White.

synonyms

Phytomyza succisae.

references

Beuk (2002a), Bland (1992b), Černý (2007a), Černý & Merz (2006a), Černý & Vála (2006a), Ci̇velek, Çikman & Dursun (2008a), Gil Ortiz (2009a), Griffiths (1962a), Hering (1922a, 1925b, 1955a,b, 1957a), Maček (1999a), de Meijere (1926a), Pakalniškis (1982b), Robbins (1991a), Sønderup (1949a), Spencer (1972a), Starke (1942a), Süss & Moreschi (2003a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a).

mod 10.vii.2018