Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Galiomyza violiphaga

Galiomyza violiphaga (Hendel, 1932)

Galiomyza violiphaga mine

Viola reichenbachiana, Belgium, prov. Namur, Agimont; © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Galiomyza violiphaga mine

mine, lighted from behind


Viola cf. riviniana, Germany (Baden-Württemberg), Baden-weiler


Large, conspicuous, upper-surface, whitish blotch, preceded by a short, in the end generally overrun, corridor. Most frass in fine grains; part of it lies in a broad band in the mine, that ends near the point where the larva has left the mine for pupation. Exit slit in upper epidermis. Frequently several larvae in a common mine.


Violaceae, monophagous

Viola ambigua, biflora, mirabilis, reichenbachiana, riviniana, tricolor.


Larvae in July-August (Hering, 1957a).


BE recorded (JY Baugnée, 2011).

NE not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2011).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2011).

distribution within Europe

From Scandinavia to the Pyrenees, and from Ireland to Austria (Fauna Europaea, 2007); also Turkey (Hepdurgun a.o. (2007a).



Liriomyza, Metopomyza violiphaga.


Also Beri (1971d) describes a larva; however, the larva is from Origanum vulgare, and his identification therefore in all probability incorrect.


Beiger (1955a), Beri (1971d), Černý & Merz (2007a), Ci̇velek, Çikman & Dursun (2008a), Csóka (2003a), Griffiths (1963b), Hartig (1939a), Hepdurgun, Civelek, Turanli & Dursun (2007a), Hering (1955b, 1957a,b), Huber (1969a), Maček (1999a), de Meijere (1937a), Papp & Černý (2018a), Robbins (1991a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Spencer (1954a, 1972a, 1976a), Surányi (1942a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a).

Last modified 7.iii.2018