Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Liriomyza amoena

Liriomyza amoena (Meigen, 1830)

on Sambucus

Liriomyza amoena: mine Sambucus nigra

Sambucus nigra, Vreeland

Liriomyza amoena: mine Sambucus nigra

Sambucus nigra, St. Gerlach


Initially an upper-surface, narrow corridor of about 3 cm, that abruptly widens into an ill-coloured secondary blotch, which generally incorporates more or less of the corridor. Secondary feeding lines usually conspicuous. Pupation outside the mine; exit slit in the lower epidermis.


Adoxaceae, monophagous

Sambucus ebulus, nigra, racemosa.

The only miner on elder.


Larvae in June-July and August-September (Hering, 1957a).


BE recorded (De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus, 1991a).

NE recorded (de Meijere, 1924a).

LUX recorded (Ellis: Kautenbach).

distribution within Europe

From Scandinavia to the Pyrenees, Czechia and Thrace, and from Ireland to the Baltic States (Fauna Europaea, 2007a); also Corsica (Buhr, 1941b) and Spain (Černý & Merz (2007a; Gil Ortiz, 2009a).




parasitoids, predators

Chrysocharis viridis.


Not rare, but mostly in low density.

The larva is described also by Beri (1971d), but from Lycopersicum esculentum, a very improbable hostplant.


Beiger (1979a), Beri (1971d), Beuk (2002a), Bland (1994c), De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus (1991a), Buhr (1932a, 1941b, 1964a), Černý (2011a), Černý & Merz (2007a), Černý, Vála & Barták (2001a), Ci̇velek, Çikman & Dursun (2008a), Dempewolf (2001a), Drăghia (1967a), van Frankenhuyzen & Houtman (1972a), van Frankenhuyzen Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Gil Ortiz (2009a), Gil-Ortiz, Martinez & Jiménez-Peydró (2010a), Griffiths (1962a), Guglya (2021a), Haase (1942a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1924b, 1926b, 1955b, 1957a), Huber (1969a), Kabos (1971a), Kollár (2007a), Kollár & Hrubík (2009a), Kvičala (1938a), Maček (1999a), Manning (1956a), Matošević, Pernek, Dubravac & Barić (2009a), de Meijere (1895a, 1924a, 1939a), Michalska (1976a, 2003a), Nowakowski (1954a), Ostrauskas, Pakalniškis & Taluntytė (2003a), Pakalniškis (1995a), Papp & Černý (2018a), Parmenter (1949a), Popescu-Gorj & Drăghia (1966a), Robbins (1991a), Rydén (1926a), Sasakawa (1961a), Schliesske (2002a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a),Spencer (1953a, 1972a, 1976a), Starke (1942a), Starý (1930a), Surányi (1942a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a), Ureche (2010a), Zoerner (1969a).

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