Napomyza cichorii Spencer, 1966

mine

Oviposition generally in the base of the midrib. The larva tunnels deep in the thissues of leaves and stem. Contrary to Ophiomyia pinguis, wich has a similar biology, the larva is capable of descending down to the root. Pupation in stem or root (Spencer, 1973b).

hostplants

Asteraceae, monophagous

Cichorium endivia, intybus.

A pest in chicory cultivation (Darvas, Skuhravá & Andersen, 2000a; Spencer, 1973b). Van Frankenhuyzen Houtman & Kabos (1982a) also mention Lactuca and Sonchus as hostplants.

BENELUX

BE recorded Spencer, 1966d).

NE recorded (de Meijere, 1926a).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

distribution within Europe

Probably entire Europe, with possible exception of Ireland and the Balkan Peninsula (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

larva

Described by de Meijere (1926a, as N. lateralis). The remarkable brownish-black rear spiraculum has 20-24 papillae in a narrow ellipse; mandible with 2 teeth of unequal size.

puparium

White, slender (Spencer, 1976b).

synonyms

Records in the older literarature of N. lateralis (Fallén) from Cichorium refer in fact to N. cichorii.

references

Benavent, Martínez, Moreno & Jiménez (2004a), Beuk (2002a), De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus (1991a), Černý (2011a), Černý & Merz (2005a, 2006a, 2007a), Ci̇velek, Çikman & Dursun (2008a), Darvas, Skuhravá & Andersen (2000a), van Frankenhuyzen Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Griffiths (1967c), Pakalniškis (1995a), de Meijere (1926a), (Spencer, 1966d, 1973b), von Tschirnhaus (1999a).

mod 27.v.2018