Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Napomyza cichorii

Napomyza cichorii Spencer, 1966


Oviposition generally in the base of the midrib. The larva tunnels deep in the tissues of leaves and stem. Contrary to Ophiomyia pinguis, which has a similar biology, the larva is capable of descending down to the root. Pupation in stem or root (Spencer, 1973b).

host plants

Asteraceae, monophagous

Cichorium endivia, intybus.

A pest in chicory cultivation (Darvas, Skuhravá & Andersen, 2000a; Spencer, 1973b). Van Frankenhuyzen Houtman & Kabos (1982a) also mention Lactuca and Sonchus as hostplants.


BE recorded Spencer, 1966d).

NE recorded (de Meijere, 1926a).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

distribution within Europe

Probably entire Europe, with possible exception of Ireland and the Balkan Peninsula (Fauna Europaea, 2008).


Described by de Meijere (1926a, as N. lateralis). The remarkable brownish-black rear spiraculum has 20-24 papillae in a narrow ellipse; mandible with 2 teeth of unequal size.


White, slender (Spencer, 1976b).


Records in the older litterarature of N. lateralis (Fallén) from Cichorium refer in fact to N. cichorii.


Benavent, Martínez, Moreno & Jiménez (2004a), Beuk (2002a), De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus (1991a), Černý (2011a), Černý & Merz (2005a, 2006a, 2007a), Ci̇velek, Çikman & Dursun (2008a), Darvas, Skuhravá & Andersen (2000a), van Frankenhuyzen Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Griffiths (1967c), Pakalniškis (1995a), de Meijere (1926a), (Spencer, 1966d, 1973b), von Tschirnhaus (1999a).

Last modified 9.xii.2020