Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phytobia betulivora

Phytobia betulivora Spencer, 1969

Diptera, Agromyzidae

on Betula


the larva makes a slender, winding, up to 12 m long gallery in the cambium, that descends to about ground level. Here the larva vacates the gallery and pupates in the soil.


Betulaceae monophagous

Betula nigra.

B. nigra is a tree of the southeastern United States. In Europe other birch species will serve as hosts.


Černý (2001c), Černý, Vála & Barták (2001a), Papp (2009a, Papp & Černý (2016a), Spencer & Steyskal (1986a), Zlobin (2008a).


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