Phytoliriomyza variegata (Meigen, 1830)

Phytoliriomyza variegata: mine on Astragalus glycyphyllos

Colutea arobrescens, France, Paris, Versailles, Château de Versailles © Stéphane Claerebout: vacated mine; upper surface exit slit clearly visible

Phytoliriomyza variegata: old mine on Astragalus glycyphyllos

old mine

Phytoliriomyza variegata: mine on Astragalus glycyphyllos

Astragalus glycyphyllos, Valkenburg (coll. JC Koster)

mine

The first instar larva makes a narrow upper-surface corridor along the leaf margin. After it has moulted it begins a large upper-surface blotch. Frass in conspicuous green lumps, that can “run out” irregularly. Pupation outside th mine.

hostplants

Fabaceae, oligophagous

Anthyllis vulneraria; Astragalus cicer, danicus, glycyphyllos; Cicer arietinum; Colutea arborescens; Coronilla vaginalis; Hippocrepis emerus subsp. emeroides; Lathyrus sylvestris, tuberosus; Oxytropis; Securigera varia varia.

Beiger (1960a) also mentions Vicia sepium, Drăghia (1971a) Gleditsia triacanthos. A reference to Lembotropis nigricans by Hartig (1939a) seems unlikely because of the taxonomic position of that plant.

phenology

Larvae from June to September (Hering, 1957a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus, 1991a).

NE recorded (Ellis & Koster, 2003a).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

distribution within Europe

From Scandinavia to the Iberian Peninsla, the Alps, Serbia and Roumania; not known from the British Isles (Fauna Europaea, 2008); also Bulgaria (Beiger, 1980a) .

larva

Described by de Meijere (1925a) and Dempewolf (2001a); rear spiraculum with 3 papillae.

puparium

Yellow.

synonyms

Liriomyza variegata; Agromyza astragali Brischke, 1880.

notes

The larva is also described by Beri (1971d), but from a very improbable hostplant, Leonitis nepaefolia (Lamiaceae).

references

Ahr (1966a), Andersen (2016a), Beiger (1955a, 1960a, 1970a, 1980a), Beri (1971d), De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus (1991a), Buhr (1930a, 1932a, 1941b, 1964a), Černý & Vála (1996a, 1999a), Černý, Vála & Barták (2001a), Csóka (2003a), Dempewolf (2001a), Drăghia (1970, 1971a, 1972a), Ellis & Koster (2003a), Haase (1942a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1925a, 1931-32f, 1955b, 1957a, 1967a), Huber (1969a), Kvičala (1938a), Maček (1999a), de Meijere (1926a), Michalska (1970a, 1972a, 1976a), Michna (1975a), Nowakowski (1954a), Pakalniškis (1993a), Papp & Černý (2018a), Popescu-Gorj & Drăghia (1966a),Rydén (1926a), Skala (1951a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Spencer (1976a), Stammer (2016a), Starke (1942a), Starý (1930a), Surányi (1942a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a).

mod 10.iii.2018