Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phytomyza aconiti

Phytomyza aconiti Hendel, 1920

Phytomyza aconiti: mines on Aconitum vulparia

Aconitum vulparia, Belgium, prov. Liège, Ovifat © Jonas Mortelmans

Phytomyza aconiti: mine on Aconitum vulparia



Large, greyish-brown, upper-surface blotch, mostly near the tip of a leaflet, without a preceding corridor. Primary feeding lines conspicuous. Several larvae share a mine. Pupation outside the mine. Exit slit in upper epidermis (Pakalniškis, 2004a).

host plants

Ranunculaceae, oligophagous

Aconitum carmichaellii, lycoctonum subsp. neapolitanum, napellus, variegatum; Consolida ajacis; Delphinium elatum.


Larvae in May – June, and August – October (Hering, 1957a).


BE recorded (Mortelmans ao, 2014).

NE recorded (de Meijere (1924a).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

distribution within Europe

From Sweden to the Pyrenees, and from the UK to Poland and Czechia (Fauna Europaea, 2008); also Slovenia (Maček, 1999a) and Lithuania (Pakalniškis, 2004a).


Described by de Meijere (1926a).


Greyish-brown, intersegmental constriction very shallow.


Napomyza aconiti (Hendel); Phytomyza delphinii Frost, 1928.

parasitoids, predators

Chrysocharis viridis.


Although the species is said to be very common in the Netherlands by van Frankenhuyzen ao (1982a), I have never seen the species. De Meijere (1924a) knew the species from Amsterdam only. Because the mine can destroy an entire leaf it is considered a minor garden pest in the UK (Spencer, 1976a).


Ahr (1966a), Beuk (2002a), Eiseman & Lonsdale (2018a), van Frankenhuyzen, Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Haase (1942a), Hering (1925a, 1955b, 1957a, 1961a), Huber (1969a), Kabos (1971a), Maček (1999a), de Meijere (1924a, 1926a, 1939a), Mortelmans, Boeraeve, Tamsyn, Proesmans & Dekeukeleire (2014a), Pakalniškis (2004a), Robbins (1991a), Rydén (1926a), Sasakawa (1961a), Sønderup (1949a), Spencer (1954a, 1972a, 1976a), Starke (1942a), Starý (1930a), von Tschirnhaus (199a), Vála & Rohacek (1983a).

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