Phytomyza anemones Hering, 1925

On Anemone

Phytomyza anemones: mine

from Hering (1957a)

Phytomyza anemones: mine on Anemone nemorosa

Anemone nemorosa, eastern Denemark © Simon Haarder

mine

fairly transparant, upper-surface, gradually widening gallery, forming a secondary blotch near the end. Primary and secondary feeding lines present in fresh mines. Frass in isolated grains of increasing size. Pupation now inside, then outside the mine (Hering, 1957a); however, according to Pakalniškis (2004a) pupation invariably is internal, below the upper epidermis. According to Griffiths (1956a) several larvae in a leaf.

hostplants

Ranunculaceae, oligophagous

Anemone coronaria, hortensis, nemorosa; Clematis flammula.

phenology

Larvae in May (Hering, 1957a).

BENELUX

Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

distribution within Europe

From Sweden and Finland to the Pyrenees and Italy, and from Ireland to Germany; also Lithuania and Serbia (Fauna Europaea, 2008); Malta Černý, 2004a).

larva

Described by Hering (1967a, as clematobia); mandible two-teethed alternating; front spiraculum fist-shaped with 9 papillae, rear spiraculum with 13 papillae, arranged in a horse shoe.

puparium

Reddish-brown, with the rear spiracula conspicuously elongated (depicted in Hering, 1925b and de Meijere, 1937a).

synonyms

Phytomyza clematobia Hering, 1967.

references

Ahr (1966a), Beiger (1960a, 1970a), Buhr (1930a, 1932a, 1941b), Černý (2004a, 2011a), Dreger & Myssura (2005a), Griffiths (1956a,b), Hering (1925b, 1957a, 1967a), de Meijere (1937a), Michalska (1972a, 1976a), Pakalniškis (1990a, 2004a), Robbins (1991a), Skala (1936a), Sønderup (1949a), Spencer (1972a, 1973c, 1976a), Starý (1930a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a).

mod 22.v.2018