Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phytomyza chaerophylli

Phytomyza chaerophylli Kaltenbach, 1856

Phytomyza chaerophylli: occupied mine on Anthrisus sylvestris

Anthriscus sylvestris, Zeewolde, Harderbos © Hans Jonkman

Phytomyza chaerophylli: mine in Anthriscus sylvestris

Anthriscus sylvestris, Buikslotermeer


Upper-surface corridor, in the end widening so strongly that within the limited space of an umbelliferous leaf often a secondary blotch is the result. The upper-surface mine is preceded by a short lower-surface corridor, made by the first instar larva during the first part of this stage (Allen, 1956a). It is difficult to observe, also because it tends to follow the leaf margin. Frass in two untidy rows of isolated grains. Before pupation the larva leaves the mine through a semicircular exit slit in the lower epidermis.

host plants

Apiaceae, oligophagous

Anthriscus caucalis, cerefolium,, nitida, sylvestris & subsp nemorosus; Bifora; Carum carvi; Chaerophyllum aromaticum, aureum, bulbosum, hirsutum, nodosum, temulum; Conium maculatum; Conopodium majus; Daucus carota;Myrrhis odorata; Oenanthe aquatica; Orlaya grandiflora; Sison amomum; Torilis japonica.

A reference to Selinum carvifolia by Starke (1942a) is not taken over by Hering (1957a).


Larvae from May to November (Hering, 1957a); multivoltine (Frey, 1991a).


BE recorded (De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus, 1991a).

NE recorded (de Meijere, 1924a).

LUX recorded (Ellis: Kautenbach, Dudelange, Flaxweiler).

distribution within Europe

From Scandinavia and Finland to the Pyrenees, Sardinia and Sicily, and from Ireland to Latvia, Poland and Thrace (Fauna Europaea, 2008).




Phytomyza anthrisci Hendel, 1924; Ph. tordylii Hendel, 1927; Ph. aromatici Hering, 1931; Ph. carvi Hering, 1931; Ph. coniophila Hering; Ph. daucivora Hering, 1931; Ph. conopodii Hering, 1943; Ph. sisonis Hering, 1943.

parasitoids, predators

Chrysocharis orbicularis, viridis.


Very common.


Ahr (1966a), Allen (1956a, 1957b), Amsel & Hering (1933a), Andersen (2013a), Andersen & Jonassen (1994a), Beiger (1955a, 1960a, 1965a, 1970a, 1979a), Beri (1971e), Beuk (2002a), Bland (1992b), De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus (1991a), Buhr (1932a, 1941b, 1964a), Černý (2007a, 2011a), Černý & Merz (2007a), Černý & Vála (1999a), Černý, Vála & Barták (2001a), Csóka (2003a), Drăghia (1967a, 1970a), Dreger & Myssura (2005a), Frey (1991a), van Frankenhuyzen, Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Griffiths (1956a,b), Hering (1921a, 1925a, 1931a,f, 1936b, 1943a, 1955b, 1957a), Kabos (1971a), Kvičala (1938a), Lhomme (1934d), Maček (1999a), Manning (1956a), de Meijere (1924a, 1926a, 1937a, 1939a, 1943a), Michalska (2003a), Nowakowski (1954a), Ostrauskas, Pakalniškis & Taluntytė (2003a), Pakalniškis (1983a, 1990a, 1998a), Popescu-Gorj & Drăghia (1968a), Robbins (1991a), Rydén (1926a), Sasakawa (1961a), Scheirs, De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus (1996a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Spencer (1953a, 1966b, 1971a,b, 1972a, 1976a), Starke (1942a), Starý (1930a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a), Ureche (2010a), Zoerner (1969a, 1970a).

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