Phytomyza cicutae Hendel, 1922
Short, lower-surface corridor followed by a long, whitish, untidy upper-surface corridor mine. Frass at first in pearl chains, ater in coarse lumps. Pupation outside the mine; exit slit mostly in the lower epidermis. The shining black puparium does not fall off (into the water!) but remains anchored by the rear spiracula that are strongly widened and extend laterally (de Meijere, 1926a).
Larvae in July and September (Hering, 1957a).
Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2008).
distribution within Europe
Sweden, Denmark, Germany, Poland, Lithuania (Fauna Europaea, 2008).
Described by de Meijere (1926a).
posterior spiraculum (from Nowakowski, 1962b)
See de Meijere (1926a, 1937a).
Buhr (1932a), Dreger & Myssura (2005a), Hering (1957a), Huber (1969a), de Meijere (1926a, 1937a), Nowakowski (1962), Sønderup (1949a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a).