Phytomyza cicutae Hendel, 1922

mine

Short, lower-surface corridor followed by a long, whitish, untidy upper-surface corridor mine. Frass at first in pearl chains, ater in coarse lumps. Pupation outside the mine; exit slit mostly in the lower epidermis. The shining black puparium does not fall off (into the water!) but remains anchored by the rear spiracula that are strongly widened and extend laterally (de Meijere, 1926a).

host plants

Apiaceae, monophagous

Cicuta virosa.

phenology

Larvae in July and September (Hering, 1957a).

BENELUX

Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

distribution within Europe

Sweden, Denmark, Germany, Poland, Lithuania (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

larva

Described by de Meijere (1926a).

Phytomyza cicutae: post. spiraculum

posterior spiraculum (from Nowakowski, 1962b)

puparium

See de Meijere (1926a, 1937a).

references

Buhr (1932a), Dreger & Myssura (2005a), Hering (1957a), Huber (1969a), de Meijere (1926a, 1937a), Nowakowski (1962), S√łnderup (1949a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a).

mod 9.i.2019