Phytomyza cirsii Hendel, 1923

Phytomyza cirsii: mine of Cirsium cf arvense

Cirsium cf arvense, Belgium, prov. Namur, Nismes, RN Montagne-aux-Buis © Stéphane Claerebout

Phytomyza cirsii: mine on Cirsium arvense

Cirsium arvense,Flevoland, Reve-Abbertbos © Hans Jonkman

Phytomyza cirsii: mine on Cirsium vulgare

Cirsium vulgare, Amstelveen

mine

Tortuous, upper-surface corridor, often somewhat greyish or yellowish, and/or following the leaf margin. Frass grains fairly small, separated by about their own diameter. Primary feeding lines often conspicuous. Pupation external.

hostplants

Asteraceae, oligophagous

Carduus acanthoides, crispus, defloratus & subsp. glaucus, nutans, personata; Cirsium acaulon, arvense, candelabrum, eriophorum, oleraceum, palustre, pannonicum, vulgare; Cynara; Serratula tinctoria.

phenology

Larvae in June-July and August-September (Hering, 1957a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Scheirs, De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus, 1996a).

NE recorded (de Meijere, 1924a).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

distribution within Europe

From Sweden and Finland to Spain and the Alps, and from Ireland to Lithuania, Poland and Austria; also Thrace (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

larva

synonyms

Phytomyza cirsicola Hendel, 1927.

references

Ahr (1966a), Amsel & Hering (1931a), Beiger (1955a, 1960a, 1978a, 1979a), Beuk (2002a), Bland (2001a), Buhr (1932a, 1941b, 1964a), Černý (2001a, 2011a), Černý & Vála (1999a), Černý, Vála & Barták (2001a), Ci̇velek, Çikman & Dursun (2008a), Dreger & Myssura (2005a), van Frankenhuyzen, Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Griffiths (1962a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1926b, 1936b, 1949a, 1955b, 1957a), Huber (1969a), Kabos (1971a), Maček (1999a), Manning (1956a), de Meijere (1924a, 1926a, 1939a), Michalska (1970a, 1972a, 1976a, 2003a), Nowakowski (1954a), Ostrauskas, Pakalniškis & Taluntytė (2003a), Pakalniškis (1986a, 1990a), Robbins (1991a), Scheirs, De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus (1995a, 1996a), Skala (1951a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Spencer (1953a, 1957a, 1972a, 1976a), Stammer (2016a), Starý (1930a), Surányi (1942a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a), Zoerner (1969a, 1970a).

28/04/2017

mod 4.viii.2017