Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phytomyza cytisi

Phytomyza cytisi Brischke, 1880

Phytomyza cytisi: mine on Laburnum anagytoides

Laburnum anagyroides, Schellingwoude

Phytomyza cytisi:  frass pattern

Laburnum anagyroides, Kekerdom: frass pattern

Phytomyza cytisi: mine on Laburnum alpinum

Laburnum alpinum, Germany, Harz, Bad Grund © Hans Jonkman


Wide corridor, generally upper-surface but not rarely, partly or entirely, lower-surface. Primary feeding lines distinct. Frass at first in grains, later in short thread fragments to two close rows along the sides. Pupation outside the mine.

host plants

Fabaceae, almost monophagous

Laburnum anagyroides.

Very occasionally also reported from Cytisus ratisbonensis and supinus, and Petteria ramentacea (Hering, 1957a).


Larvae in two generations, from mid June – mid August and from early September – mid October (Askew, 1968a).


BE recorded (De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus, 1991a).

NE recorded (de Meijere, 1924a).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

distribution within Europe

From Sweden to the Pyrenees and the Alps, and from the UK to Poland (Fauna Europaea, 2008); also Slovenia (Maček, 1999a).




Askew (1968a) has devoted a study to the biology and the parasitoid complex of this species.


Askew (1968a), Beiger (1970a), Beuk (200a), De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus (1991a), Buhr (1932a, 1964a), Černý & Vála (1999a), van Frankenhuyzen & Houtman (1972a), van Frankenhuyzen Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1955b, 1957a), Huber (1969a), Kabos (1971a), Kvičala (1938a), Maček (1999a), Matošević, Pernek, Dubravac & Barić (2009a), de Meijere (1924a, 1926a, 1939a), Nowakowski (1954a), Robbins (1991a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Spencer (1953a, 1972a, 1976a), Starke (1942a), Starý (1930a), Süss (2003a), Surányi (1942a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a).

Last modified 18.vii.2022