Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phytomyza eupatorii

Phytomyza eupatorii Hendel, 1927

on Eupatorium

Phytomyza eupatorii: vacated mine on Eupatorium cannabinum

Eupatorium cannabinum, Belgium, prov. Antwerp, Kasterlee, Tikkebroeken, 15.viii.2018 © Carina Van Steenwinkel

Phytomyza eupatorii: vacated mine on Eupatorium cannabinum

same leaf, underside; the light green sections of the mine lie in the sponge parenchyma

Phytomyza eupatorii: vacated mine on Eupatorium cannabinum

lighted from behind, showing the frass pattern


Eupatorium cannabinum, Vreeland


Eupatorium cannabinum, Nieuwendam: frass pattern


Long corridor, often following the midrib for some distance. The mine is upper- or lower-surface; often the first part lower-surface, then upper-surface. Frass in pearl chains or isolated granules. Pupation outside the mine; exit slit in the lower epidermis.


Asteraceae, monophagous

Euptorium cannabinum & subsp. corsicum.


Larvae in June-July and August-September (Hering, 1957a)


BE recorded (De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus, 1991a).

NE recorded (de Meijere, 1939a).

LUX recorded (Ellis: Dudelange).

distribution within Europe

From Lithuania to the Pyrenees, and from the UK to Czechia (Fauna Europaea, 2008); also Hungary (Surányi, 1942a) and Slovenia (Maček, 1999a).




Phytomyza lappae: de Meijere, 1926a p.p.


Much less common than Liriomyza eupatorii on the same host plant.


Beiger (1970a, 1978a, 1979a), Beuk (2002a), De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus (1991a), Buhr (1932a, 1941b, 1964a), Černý, Vála & Barták (2001a), Dreger & Myssura (2005a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1957a), Huber (1969a), Maček (1999a), Manning (1956a), de Meijere (1926a, 1928a, 1937a), Michalska (1976a, 2003a), Nowakowski (1954a), Pakalniškis (1998a), Robbins (1991), Sasakawa (1961a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Spencer (1954b, 1972a), Stammer (2016a), Surányi (1942a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a), Zoerner (1969a, 1970a).

Last modified 18.viii.2018