Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phytomyza fallaciosa

Phytomyza fallaciosa Brischke, 1880

on Ranunculus

Phytomyza fallaciosa: occupied mine on Ranunculus acris

Ranunculus acris, Belgium, prov. Antwerp, Veerle, de Roost © Carina Van Steenwinkel

Phytomyza fallaciosa: occupied mine on Ranunculus acris



Ranunculus repens, Groote Peel


feeding lines




A compact secundary blotch, without islands of unmined green tissue. Mines usually dirty brown in colour, strikingly resembling a dead and rotting leaf segment. Both primary and secondary feedling lines apparent. Frass partly in long strings. Pupation takes place within the leaf, in a lower-surface pupal chamber, often somewhat removed from the mine itself.

host plants

Ranunculaceae, monophagous

Ranunculus acer, auricomus, breyninus, lanuginosus, lingua, repens.

Starke (1942a) also reports mines on Anemone sylvestris, but this is not repeated by later authors; possibly confusion with a Pseudodineura mine.


Hering found larvae in May-June and August-September; however the fow occupied mine I know of in western Europe are all from late October-early November. Mortelmans ao found in Belgium one larva in mid June and puparia in November and December.


BE recorded (Mortelmans ao, 2013a).

NE recorded (Ellis: Groote Peel, Losser).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

distribution within Europe

From Iceland, Scandinavia and Finland to the Pyrenees and Italy, and from Ireland to the Baltic States and Poland (Fauna Europaea, 2008); also Turkey (Mart, Tursun & Civelek, 2005a).




Phytomyza pseudohellebori Hendel, 1920; Ph. auricomi Hering, 1924; Ph. mimica Hering, 1928; Ph. bonsdorfi Hendel, 1936; Ph. ranunculiphaga Lundqvist, 1950; Ph. fasciola: de Meijere (1937a), Buhr (1941b).

parasitoids, predators

Miscogaster maculata.


Numerous mines (with puparia and one late larva) were found in early November 2004 in the nature reserve “de Groote Peel”; end October 2006 mines were found again in the “Haagsche Bosch” near Losser.


Andersen & Jonassen (1994a), Beiger (1955a, 1960a, 1965a, 1970a, 1979a), Bland (1977a), Buhr (1932a, 1941b, 1964a), Černý (2001a, 2007a, 2011a), Černý, Andrade, Gonçalves & von Tschirnhaus (2018a), Černý & Merz (2006a, 2007a), Černý & Vála (1999a), Ci̇velek, Çikman & Dursun (2008a), Dreger & Myssura (2005a), Griffiths (1964a), Hering (1924b, 1928a, 1941a, 1954a, 1955b, 1957a), Huber (1969a), Mart, Tursun & Civelek (2005a), de Meijere (1928a, 1934a, 1937a), Michalska (1972a, 1976a), Mortelmans, Dekeukeleire & Baugnée (2013a), Ostrauskas, Pakalniškis & Taluntytė (2003a), Pakalniškis (2004a), Robbins (1991a), Sønderup (1949a), Spencer (1972a, 1976a), Starke (1942a), Süss (1992a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a), Zoerner (1969a).

Last modified