Phytomyza farfarae Hendel, 1935

Diptera, Agromyzidae

_0035

Tussilago © György Csóka

mine

Corridor, up to 20 cm long, and just 1 mm wide. The mine is interparenchymatous, therefore yellow in colour. The first part of the mine often stellate; later parts often follow a thick vein for a considerable length. Frass in pearl chains. Pupation within the mine; the front spiracula penetrate the epidermis (de Meijere, 1938a).

hostplants

Asteraceae, narrowly oligophagous

Adenostyles alliariae, alpina; Petasites albus, hybridus, paradoxus; Tussilago farfara.

phenology

Larvae in June and August (Hering, 1957a).

BENELUX

Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

distribution within Europe

From Germany and Poland to Italy and Bulgaria (Fauna Europaea, 2008); also Slovenia (Maček, 1999a).

larva

Griffiths (1972b).

puparium

De Meijere (1938a, 1941a), Griffiths (1972b).

references

Beiger (1955a, 1979a), Buhr (1941b), Černý, Vála & Barták (2001a), Csóka (2003a), Dreger & Myssura (2005a), Griffiths (1972b), Hering (1957a), Huber (1969a), Maček (1999a), de Meijere (1938a, 1941a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Spencer (1976a), Surányi (1942a), von Tschirnhaus ( 1999a), Ureche (2010a).

27/01/2017

mod 28.vi.2017