Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phytomyza hellebori puparium

12439

Helleborus spec., Amsterdam, ventral (left) and dorsal; the puparium is ventrally glued with frass in the mine

12439_psp

rear spiracula, dorsal

12536_pup

Helleborus niger, Diemen

The difference in colour in the puparia is striking. Perhaps the black brown puparia are parasitised, but also de Meijere (1926a) described the puparium as brown. Note also the strikingly two-coloured rear spiracula.

Last modified 17.iii.2019