Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phytomyza hellebori puparium


Helleborus spec., Amsterdam, ventral (left) and dorsal; the puparium is ventrally glued with frass in the mine


rear spiracula, dorsal


Helleborus niger, Diemen

The difference in colour in the puparia is striking. Perhaps the black brown puparia are parasitised, but also de Meijere (1926a) described the puparium as brown. Note also the strikingly two-coloured rear spiracula.

Last modified 17.iii.2019