Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phytomyza heringiana

Phytomyza heringiana Hendel, 1922

Phytomyza heringiana mine

Malus domestica, Belgium, Antwerp, old mine poto Chris Snyers

Phytomyza heringiana mine

same mine, lighted from behind

Phytomyza heringiana: mine on Pyrus communis - xenophagy

Pyrus communis, Belgium, prov. Namur, Couvin (Frasnes), Carrière des Grosses Haies © Stéphane Claerebout

Phytomyza heringiana: mine on Pyrus communis - xenophagy

detail of the same mine, lighted from behind


Very shallow, irregularly branched corridor, sometimes a narrow blotch. The mine is upper-surface, sometimes also interparenchymatous. The colour is pale green, larer more rust-xcoloured. Frass in small, widely spaced grains. Papation takes place within the mine. Hibernation in the mine, among fallen leaves.


Rosaceae, monophagous

Malus “domestica”, sylvestris.

The occurrence on pear, as shown above, must be interpreted as a rare case of xenophagy, where an egg has been deposited on a foreign host plant. Be it that in this case the “wrong” host is very closely related to the “correct” one.


Larvae in May-June and August-October (Hering,1957a).


BE recorded (Chris Snyers, 2011).

NE recorded (Houtman, 1952a).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

distribution within Europe

From Lithuania to the Pyrenees, and from the UK to Italy (Fauna Europaea, 2008).


De Meijere (1926a), Viggiani (1962a).

parasitoids, predators

Chrysocharis pubens, pubicornis


Mainly in cultivated apples, but not causing any damage worth mentioning (van Frankenhuyzen & Freriks, 1971a).


Beiger (1989a), Buhr (1932a, 1964a), Dreger & Myssura (2005a), van Frankenhuyzen & Freriks (1971a), van Frankenhuyzen & Houtman (1972a), van Frankenhuyzen Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Hering (1952, 1955b, 1957a), Houtman (1952a), Huber (1969a), Maček (1999a), de Meijere (1926a), Ostrauskas, Pakalniškis & Taluntytė (2003a), Robbins (1991a), Spencer (1954b, 1972a, 1973b), Starke (1942a), Starý (1930a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a), Viggiani (1962a), Zoerner (1969a).

Last modified