Ilex aquifolium, Nieuwendam, larva at the ppoint of pupation; cephalic skeleton, mandibles and frontal appendage
front nand rear spiraculum, lateral
front and rear spiraculum, dorsal
mouth field, spinulation
The larva is described by de Meijere (1926a) and Dempewolf (2001a). Left mandible with two teeth, the right one with one. The morphology of the posterior spiraculum is unusual, could not well be interpreted.