Phytomyza leucanthemi Hering, 1935

u/s

Leucanthemum vulgare, Amstelveen, JP Thijssepark: upper side

l/s

lower side

tr

transparency

frass pattern

frass pattern

mine

Long, slender corridor, generally upper-surface with a lower-surface beginning. Frass in irregular, but not connected, grains. Pupation outside the mine.

host plants

Asteraceae, narrowly oligophagous

Chrysanthemum indicum; Ismelia carinata; Leucanthemum maximum, vulgare; Tanacetum corymbosum.

phenology

Larvae in May-June and September-October (Hering, 1957a).

BENELUX

BE not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

NE recorded (Ellis, several localities).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

distribution within Europe

From Scandinavia to the Pyrenees and Czechia, and from the UK to Latvia and Poland; also Slovenia (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

larva

puparium

Black.

synonyms

Phytomyza chrysanthivora Lundquist, 1949.

notes

Hering writes that the larvae exits the mine through a slit in the upper epidermis, but this does not seem to be a general rule. Sometimes the final part of the corridor is at the lower surface, and then the exit slit too is lower-surface.

references

Ahr (1966a), Andersen & Jonassen (1994a), Beiger (1960a, 1978a).Černý & Bächli (2018a), Dreger & Myssura (2005a), Hering (1949b, 1954a, 1957a), Huber (1969a), Maček (1999a), Michalska (1976a), Ostrauskas, Pakalniškis & Taluntytė (2003a), Pakalniškis (1998a), Robbins (1991a), Sønderup (1949a), Spencer (1972a, 1976a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a), Utech (1962a).

mod 17.iii.2019