Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phytomyza linguae

Phytomyza linguae Lundquist, 1947


Long and narrow upper-surface corridor with somewhat irregular sides. Frass grains unusually large, widely dispersed. Pupation outside the mine; exit slit in upper epidermis. The puparium adheres to the leaf close by.

host plants

Ranunculaceae, narrowly monophagous

Ranuculus lingua.


Larvae in July-August (Hering, 1957a).


Niet bekend uit de Benelux-landen (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

distribution within Europe

Sweden, Poland, Lithuania; possibly also Germany (Fauna Europaea, 2008). Recorded also from Romania (Drăghia, 1968a).


Phytomyza linguae

posterior spiraculum (from Nowakowski, 1962b)


Shining black.


The status of Ph. linguae is subject of debate. Spencer (1976a) and von Tschirnhaus (1999a) consider lingae a synonym of R. ranunculivora; Pakalniškis (1996a, 2004a) and the authors of the Fauna Europaea however treat linguae as a valid species.

phytomyza linguae-ranunculivora: puparia

Comparison of the puparia of P. linguae and ranculivora (from Pakalniškis, 1996a)


Černý, Andrade, Gonçalves & von Tschirnhaus (2018a), Drăghia (1968a), Dreger & Myssura (2005a), Hering (1957a), Kahanpää (2014a), Pakalniškis (1996a, 2004a), Spencer (1976a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a).

Last modified 9.i.2019