Phytomyza linguae Lundquist, 1947

mine

Long and narrow upper-surface corridor with somewhat irregular sides. Frass grains unusually large, widely dispersed. Pupation outside the mine; exit slit in upper epidermis. The puparium adheres to the leaf close by.

host plants

Ranunculaceae, narrowly monophagous

Ranuculus lingua.

phenology

Larvae in July-August (Hering, 1957a).

BENELUX

Niet bekend uit de Benelux-landen (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

distribution within Europe

Sweden, Poland, Lithuania; possibly also Germany (Fauna Europaea, 2008). Recorded also from Romania (Drăghia, 1968a).

larva

Phytomyza linguae

posterior spiraculum (from Nowakowski, 1962b)

puparium

Shining black.

notes

The status of Ph. linguae is subject of debate. Spencer (1976a) and von Tschirnhaus (1999a) consider lingae a synonym of R. ranunculivora; Pakalniškis (1996a, 2004a) and the authors of the Fauna Europaea however treat linguae as a valid species.

phytomyza linguae-ranunculivora: puparia

Comparison of the puparia of P. linguae and ranculivora (from Pakalniškis, 1996a)

references

Černý, Andrade, Gonçalves & von Tschirnhaus (2018a), Drăghia (1968a), Dreger & Myssura (2005a), Hering (1957a), Kahanpää (2014a), Pakalniškis (1996a, 2004a), Spencer (1976a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a).

mod 9.i.2019