Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phytomyza lithospermi

Phytomyza lithospermi Nowakoski, 1959


From a small blotch, usually in the leaf tip, a number of short corridors radiate, that widen and finally coalesce. Larva solitary. Pupation as a rule outside the mine; if it does happen inside, the puparium already protrudes from the mine.

host plants

Boraginaceae, narrowly oligophagous

Aegonychon purpurocaeruleum; Lithospermum officinale.

Although Nowakowski (1959a) writes that references to Symphytum probably concern Ph. medicaginis, lithospermi is recorded from Symphytum tuberosum by Hering (1963a).


Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

Germany, Poland, Slovakia (Fauna Europaea, 2009).


Metathorax without a dorsal hump; front spiraculum with 8-10 papillae; rear spiraculum with 10-14 papillae in an ellipse.

Phytomyza lithospermi: spiracula

anterior and posterior spiracula (from Nowakowski, 1962b)


Beiger (1975a), Griffiths (1975a), Hering (1963a), Nowakowski (1959a, 1962b), von Tschirnhaus (1999a).

Last modified 9.i.2019