Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phytomyza lycopi

Phytomyza lycopi Nowakowski, 1959

on Lycopus

Phytomyza lycopi": mine on Lycopus europaeus

Lycopus europaeus, Tilburg, de Kaaistoep, 10.x.2020 © Paul van Wielink

Phytomyza lycopi: vacated mine on Lycopus europaeus

Lycopus europaeus, Belgium, prov. Hainaut, Chimay, RN Etang de Virelles, 2.ix.2018 © Stéphane Claerebout

Phytomyza lycopi: vacated mine on Lycopus europaeus

another specimen, in backlight


Lycopus europaeus, Susteren, 25.vii.2002


another specimen


The mine begins as a tiny narrow spiral (later recognisable only as a small dark spot). Then follows a corridor that is wound strongly, intestine-like, easily ending up in secondary blotch. Mine usually in the leaf tip. Pupation generally within the mine; the spiracula of the puparium dn not penetrate the epidermis.

host plants

Lamiaceae, monophagous

Lycopus europaeus, exaltatus.


Puparia found end May and early November.


BE recorded (Daan Dekeukeleire in litt., 2014).

NE recorded (Ellis: Susteren, Griendtveen).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

distribution within Europe

From Denmark and Lithuania to Albania and Bulgaria (Fauna Europaea, 2008). Possibly als the “Agromyza sp., brown blotch” recorded by Skala (1941a) belongs to this species.


See Nowakowski (1959a).

Phytomyza lycopi: spiracula

anterior and posterior spiracula (from Nowakowski, 1962b)



Phytomyza obscura: Hering, 1957.


Contrary to Nowakowski, the secondary feeding lines were well visible in the Dutch material.


Beiger (1970a, 1980a), Černý, Vála & Barták (2001a), Drăghia (1968a, 1972a, 1974a), Dreger & Myssura (2005a), Guglya (2021a), Hering (1957a), Michalska (1970a, 1972a, 1976a), Nowakowski (1959a, 1962b), Pakalniškis (1993a), Popescu-Gorj & Drăghia (1968a), Skala (1941a), Spencer (1976a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a), Utech (1962a).

Last modified 7.x.2021