Phytomyza marginella Fallén, 1823

Phytomyza marginella: vacated mine on Hieracium unbellatum

Hieracium umbellatum, Belgium, prov. Flanders, De Panne, Westhoek, 30.vi.2018 © Stéphane Claerebout

Phytomyza marginella: vacated mine on Hieracium unbellatum

underside

Phytomyza marginella: vacated mine on Hieracium unbellatum

in backlight only the later, deeper, section of the mine is visible.

8306_us

Lapsana communis, Nieuwendam: upperside

8306_ls

underside

mine

Corridor mine. The first part consists of a very long and narrow lower-surface corridor; the mine is quite shallow here, and often inconspicuous. The second part is upper-surface, usually much shorter, and widens abruptly. Pupation outside the mine.

host plants

Asteraceae, oligophagous

Calendula officinalis; Crepis biennis, paludosa; Hieracium lachenalii subsp. cruentifolium, laevigatum, murorum, sabaudum, umbellatum; Hypochaeris radicata; Jacobaea aquatica; Lactuca alpina; Lapsana communis; Leontodon hispidus; Mycelis muralis; Picris; Prenanthes purpurea; Reichardia; Scorzoneroides autumnalis; Sonchus asper, oleraceus, palustris; Taraxacum officinale.

phenology

Larvae from June till October (Hering, 1957a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Scheirs, De Bruyn & Verdyck, 1993a)

NE recorded (de Meijere, 1926a).

LUX recorded (Ellis: Kautenbach).

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verspreiding binnen Europa

Geheel west Europe, met uitzondering van het Iberisch Schiereiland en misschien Griekenland (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

distribution within Europe

Entire Western Europe, excluding the Iberian Peninsula and possibly Greece (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

larva

Described by Meijere (1926a, as lampsanae; 1937a, as sonchi) and Griffiths (1977a). There is a frontal appendage; rear spiraculum with 22-30 papillae.

synonyms

Phytomyza sonchi Robineau-Desvoidy, 1851; Ph. lampsanae Hering, 1925; Ph. insperata Hendel, 1927; Ph. hieracina Hering, 1932; Ph. mulgedii Hering, 1932; Ph. prenanthidis Hering, 1932; Ph. sonchina Hering, 1934; Ph. cicerbitae Hering, 1936.

references

Ahr (1966a), Beiger (1960a, 1965a, 1970a, 1978a, 1979a), Beuk (2002a), Bland (1992b), Buhr (1932a, 1941b, 1964a), Černý (2001a, 2007a), Černý, Barták & Vaněk (2009a), Černý & Merz (2007a), Černý & Vála (1999a), Drăghia (1967a, 1968a), Dreger & Myssura (2005a), van Frankenhuyzen, Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Griffiths (1977a), Haase (1942a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1925a, 1926b, 1931f, 1934a, 1955b, 1957a, 1963a), Huber (1969a), Kabos (1971a), Kvičala (1938a), Maček (1999a), Manning (1956a), de Meijere (1926a, 1937a, 1939a), Michalska (1970a, 1976a), Michna (1975a), Nowakowski (1954a), Ostrauskas, Pakalniškis & Taluntytė (2003a), Pakalniškis (1986a), Popescu-Gorj & Drăghia (1968a), Robbins (1991a), Scheirs, De Bruyn & Verdyck (1993a), Skala (1951a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Seidel (1957a), Sønderup (1949a), Spencer (1953a, 1972a, 1976a), Starke (1942a), Starý (1930a), Surányi (1942a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a), Ureche (2010a).

mod 2.i.2019