Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phytomyza marginella

Phytomyza marginella Fallén, 1823

Phytomyza marginella: vacated mine on Hieracium unbellatum

Hieracium umbellatum, Belgium, prov. Flanders, De Panne, Westhoek, © Stéphane Claerebout

Phytomyza marginella: vacated mine on Hieracium unbellatum


Phytomyza marginella: vacated mine on Hieracium unbellatum

in backlight only the later, deeper, section of the mine is visible.


Lapsana communis, Nieuwendam: upperside




Corridor mine. The first part consists of a very long and narrow lower-surface corridor; the mine is quite shallow here, and often inconspicuous. The second part is upper-surface, usually much shorter, and widens abruptly. Pupation outside the mine.

host plants

Asteraceae, oligophagous

Calendula officinalis; Crepis biennis, paludosa; Cichorium intybus; Hieracium lachenalii subsp. cruentifolium, laevigatum, murorum, sabaudum, umbellatum; Hypochaeris radicata; Jacobaea aquatica; Lactuca alpina, muralis; Lapsana communis; Leontodon hispidus; Picris; Prenanthes purpurea; Reichardia; Scorzoneroides autumnalis; Sonchus asper, oleraceus, palustris; Taraxacum officinale.


Larvae from June till October (Hering, 1957a).


BE recorded (Scheirs, De Bruyn & Verdyck, 1993a)

NE recorded (de Meijere, 1926a).

LUX recorded (Ellis: Kautenbach).


verspreiding binnen Europa

Geheel west Europe, met uitzondering van het Iberisch Schiereiland en misschien Griekenland (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

distribution within Europe

Entire Western Europe, excluding the Iberian Peninsula and possibly Greece (Fauna Europaea, 2008).


Described by Meijere (1926a, as lampsanae; 1937a, as sonchi) and Griffiths (1977a). There is a frontal appendage; rear spiraculum with 22-30 papillae.


Phytomyza sonchi Robineau-Desvoidy, 1851; Ph. lampsanae Hering, 1925; Ph. insperata Hendel, 1927; Ph. hieracina Hering, 1932; Ph. mulgedii Hering, 1932; Ph. prenanthidis Hering, 1932; Ph. sonchina Hering, 1934; Ph. cicerbitae Hering, 1936.


Ahr (1966a), Beiger (1960a, 1965a, 1970a, 1978a, 1979a), Beuk (2002a), Bland (1992b), Buhr (1932a, 1941b, 1964a), Černý (2001a, 2007a), Černý, Barták & Vaněk (2009a), Černý & Merz (2007a), Černý & Vála (1999a), Drăghia (1967a, 1968a), Dreger & Myssura (2005a), van Frankenhuyzen, Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Griffiths (1977a), Haase (1942a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1925a, 1926b, 1931f, 1934a, 1955b, 1957a, 1963a), Huber (1969a), Kabos (1971a), Kvičala (1938a), Maček (1999a), Manning (1956a), de Meijere (1926a, 1937a, 1939a), Michalska (1970a, 1976a), Michna (1975a), Nowakowski (1954a), Ostrauskas, Pakalniškis & Taluntytė (2003a), Pakalniškis (1986a), Popescu-Gorj & Drăghia (1968a), Robbins (1991a), Scheirs, De Bruyn & Verdyck (1993a), Skala (1951a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Seidel (1957a), Sønderup (1949a), Spencer (1953a, 1972a, 1976a), Starke (1942a), Starý (1930a), Surányi (1942a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a), Ureche (2010a), Warrington (2023c).

Last modified 1.iv.2023