Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phytomyza nepetae

Phytomyza nepetae Hendel, 1922


The mine begins as a fine epidermal lower-surface corridor. This changes into an upper-surface or interparenchymatous corridor. In most cases the corridor makes such closed loops that, except for its first and terminal section, it turns into a secondary blotch. Frass partly in grains, partly in pearl chains. Pupation outside the mine.

host plants

Lamiaceae, oligophagous

Clinopodium vulgare; Dracocephalum; Nepeta cataria, melissifolia, nuda.


Larvae in May-August (Hering, 1957a).


Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

distribution within Europe

Denmark, Germany, Poland, France (Fauna Europaea, 2008); also Dalmatia (Hering, 1967a).


Described by Nowakowski (1959a) and Hering (1967a).

Phytomyza nepetae: spiracula

anterior and posterior spiracula (from Nowakowski, 1962b)


Beiger (1975a, 1979a), Buhr (1932a, 1964a), Dreger & Myssura (2005a), Hering (1957a, 1963a, 1967a), Iwasaki (1997b), Nowakowski (1959a, 1962b), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Spencer (1976a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a).

Last modified 9.i.2019