Phytomyza palionisi Pakalniškis, 1998

on Ranunculus

Phytomyzia palionisi: mine on Ranunculus cassibicus

mine (from Pakalniškis (1998b)

mine

Very irregular, eventually rahter broad upper-surface corridor. Frass grains in indistinct groups, not clearly in two rows. Pupation within the mine; the puparium touches the lower epidermis.

hostplants

Ranunculaceae, narrowly monophagous

Ranunculus cassubicus.

phenology

Larvae and puparia were seen in early August.

distribution within Europe

Lithuania (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

puparium

Phytomyza palionisi: posterior spiracula

Brown, spiracula black. The drawing (from Pakalniškis, 1998b) shows the rear spiracula: they are placed on top of two remarkably high conical bases, that touch each other at their base. Each spiraculum is asymmetrically two-armed, one of the arms projecting like a spine.

references

Pakalniškis (1998b, 2004a).

mod 9.iii.2018