Phytomyza penicilla Hendel, 1935

mine

In fact a borer, rather than a miner. The larva tunnels in the midrib, causing it to swell gall-like, mainly in its basal part. Sometimes the larva makes excursions into the blade. Pupation within the leaf.

host plants

Asteraceae, oligophagous

Cichorium endivia, intybus; Lactuca serriola; Lapsana communis.

Possibly also Arctium (Spencer, 1973b).

phenology

Larvae in the leaves in April-May. There is a second generation in summer, in which the larvae bore in the stem and roots (Spencer, 1973b).

BENELUX

Niet bekend uit de Benelux-landen (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

distribution within Europe

Germany, Poland, France, Switzerland, and Austria (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

puparium

described by de Meijere (1943a) and Spencer (1973b).

references

Buhr (1955b, 1964a), Černý (2009a), Černý, Barták & Vaněk (2009a), Černý & Merz (2007a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Hering (1957a, 1963a), de Meijere (1943a), Spencer (1973b), Tomasi (2014a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a).

mod 2.i.2019