Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phytomyza penicilla

Phytomyza penicilla Hendel, 1935


In fact a borer, rather than a miner. The larva tunnels in the midrib, causing it to swell gall-like, mainly in its basal part. Sometimes the larva makes excursions into the blade. Pupation within the leaf.

host plants

Asteraceae, oligophagous

Cichorium endivia, intybus; Lactuca serriola; Lapsana communis.

Possibly also Arctium (Spencer, 1973b).


Larvae in the leaves in April-May. There is a second generation in summer, in which the larvae bore in the stem and roots (Spencer, 1973b).


Niet bekend uit de Benelux-landen (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

distribution within Europe

Germany, Poland, France, Switzerland, and Austria (Fauna Europaea, 2008).


described by de Meijere (1943a) and Spencer (1973b).


Buhr (1955b, 1964a), Černý (2009a), Černý, Barták & Vaněk (2009a), Černý & Merz (2007a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Hering (1957a, 1963a), de Meijere (1943a), Spencer (1973b), Tomasi (2014a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a).

Last modified 2.i.2019