Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phytomyza phillyreae

Phytomyza phillyreae Hering in Buhr, 1930

Phytomyza phillyreae mines

Phillyrea latifolia, Greece, Lesbos, Agiásos

Phytomyza phillyreae mine



Corridor of 2 cm at most, opening into, and often overrun by, an untidy blotch that usually lies in the leaf tip. Frass concentrated in the centre of the blotch; here also the pupation takes place. The puparium is glued with dried frass to the floor and ceiling of the mine. Neither front nor rear spiracula penetrate the epidermis, but near the frontal end of the puparium the mine has a pale, thin, spot (lower picture).


Oleaceae, monophagous

Phillyrea angustifolia, latifolia.


Larvae in March – April (Hering, 1957a).

distribution within Europe

Mediterranean Region from the Iberian Peninsula to Turkey (Černý & Merz, 2006a; Fauna Europaea, 2009), In 2018 reported from Britain (Bedfordshire, Warrington ao).


Described by de Meijere (1937a); front spiraculum small, with 6 papillae; rear spiraculum with 5 somewhat elongated papillae.



Phytomyza unedo Séguy, 1953.


Amsel & Hering (1933a), Buhr (1930a, 1941a,b), Černý & Merz (2006a), Ci̇velek, Çikman & Dursun (2008a), Covassi (1988a), Hering (1934c, 1957a, 1967a), Martinez (1987b), de Meijere (1937a), Spencer (1967a), Süss (1982a), lo Verde & Massa (1995a), Warrington, Banthorpe & Banthorpe (2018a).

Last modified 21.ix.2018