Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phytomyza plantaginis

Phytomyza plantaginis Robineau-Desvoidy, 1851

Phytomyza plantaginis: mine on Plantago lanceolata

Plantago lanceolata, Belgium, prov. East Flanders, Oudenaarde, bos t’Ename © Carina Van Steenwinkel

hytomyza plantaginis: frass pattern

the galleries are relatively narrow and the frass grains are small and very widely spaced

Phytomyza plantaginis puparium in the mine

puparium, as seen in transparency

Phytomyza plantaginis puparium in the mine

puparium, hypophyllous

Phytomyza plantaginis: mihe on Plantago major

Plantago major, Harderwijk


Strikingly narrow corridor, upper-surface or lower-surface, often also alternating. Frass in comparatively small, very widely spaced grains. Generally the corridor is so narrow that the frass grains seems to lay in a single row. Pupation within the mine, sometimes in the petiole. The black front spiracula of the puparium penetrate the epidermis.

host plants

Plantaginaceae, monophagous

Plantago lanceolata, major, maritima, media.

The reference to P. maritima stems from Bland (1994b).


Larvae from May till October.


BE recorded (Scheirs a.o., 1994a).

NE recorded (de Meijere, 1924a).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

distribution within Europe

Entire Europe west of the line Lapland-Bosporus (Fauna Europaea, 2008).




Phytomyza robinaldi Goureau, 1851, Ph. genualis Loew, 1869, Ph. nannodes Hendel, 1935, Ph biseriata Hering, 1936, Ph. plantaginicaulis Hering, 1944.

Hering’s (1957a) concept of Ph. plantaginis partly refers to Ph. griffithsi.

parasitoids, predators

Halticoptera aenea.


Van Frankenhuyzen, Houtman & Kabos (1982a) call this species very common in the Netherlands; also Buhr (1832a) describes it as “everywhere common” in northern Germany. At present the species is much less common.

The front spiracula of the puparium that penetrate the epidermis make one think of the genus Chromatomyia, where this is the common rule. Nevertheless the species has to be placed in the genus Phytomyza on the basis of the characters of the adult insect.


Andersen (2013a), Beiger (1970a, 1979a), Beuk (2002a), Bland (1992b, 1994b), Buhr (1932a, 1941b, 1964a), Černý (2001a, 2007a, 2011a), Černý, Andrade, Gonçalves & von Tschirnhaus (2018a), Černý & Merz (2005a, 2006a, 2007a), Černý & Vála (1999a, 2006a), Černý, Vála & Barták (2001a), Ci̇velek, Çikman & Dursun (2008a), Civelek, Deeming & Önder (2000a), Drăghia (1972a), Dreger & Myssura (2005a), Edmunds(2022b), van Frankenhuyzen, Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Gil Ortiz (2009a), Guglya (2021a), Hering (1924a, 1927a, 1936c, 1944c, 1955b, 1957a), Huber (1969a), Kabos (1971a), Kvičala (1938a), Maček (1999a), Masetti, Lanzoni, Burgio & Süss (2004a), de Meijere (1924a, 1926a, 1939a, 1946a, 1950a), Michalska (1970a), Nowakowski (1954a), Ostrauskas, Pakalniškis & Taluntytė (2003a), Pakalniškis (1982b, 1998a), Pârvu (2005a), Popescu-Gorj & Drăghia (1966a), Robbins (1991), Rydén (1926a), Sasakawa (1961a), Scheirs ao (1994a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Spencer (1957g, 1963a, 1965a, 1972a,b, 1974a, 1976a), Starke (1942a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a), Ureche (2010a), Warrington (2022d), Zoerner (1969a).

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