Phytomyza pulsatillae Hering, 1924

mine

Corridor, turning blackish brown, upper surface, but starting at a small dense spiral at the leaf underside. Frass in connected grains or pearl chains, sometimes seemingly in a central band. Pupation outside the mine, exit slit in upper epidermis

host plants

Ranunculaceae, oligophagous

Anemone coronaria; Clematis alpina; Pulsatilla alpina & subsp. apiifolia, halleri subsp. slavica, patens, pratensis, vulgaris.

phenology

Larvae from June to September, in two generations.

Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

From Sweden tot the Iberian Peninsula and Italy, and from Germany to the Baltic States (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

larva

Described by de Meijere (1928a, 1938a, 1939a). Mandible with two teeth, alternating. Front spiraculum globular with 12 papillae, rear spiraculum two-horned with 17 papillae.

Phytomyza pulsatillae: post. spiraculum

rear spiraculum (from Nowakowski, 1962b)

puparium

Yellow.

synonyms

Phytomyza rectae pulsatillae; Ph. hoppiana Hering, 1931.

references

Buhr (1932a), Černý (2013a), Černý & Merz (2007a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1924b, 1931-32f, 1957a), Huber (1969a), de Meijere (1928a, 1938a, 1939a), Nowakowski (1954a, 1958a, 1962b), Pakalniškis (1995a, 2004a), Sønderup (1949a), Spencer (1976a), Starý (1930a), Süss (1992a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a).

mod 9.i.2019