Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phytomyza ranunculi

Phytomyza ranunculi (von Paula Schrank, 1803)

on Ranunculus etc.

Phytomyza ranunculi: mines on Ficaria verna

Ficaria verna, Epen, Heimansgroeve, 17.iv.2019 © Cor Zonneveld

Ranunculus repens: mine on Ranunculus repens

Ranunculus repens, Arnhem

Ranunculus repens: frass pattern

Ranunculus repens, Amstelveen: detail

Ranunculus repens: mine on Ranunculus repens

Ranunculus repens, lg. Tongeren © Hans Jonkman


Rather long, somewhat untidy, upper-surface corridor. Frass in many small grains that are close together of form pearl chains. Pupation outside the mine. The larva is also able to mine the rind of the stem.

host plants

Ranunculaceae, oligophagous

Anemonastrum narcissiflorum; Anemone nemorosa; Ficaria verna; Myosurus minimus; Ranunculus aconitifolius, acris, alpestris, arvensis, auricomus, bulbosus, cassubicus, cornutus, flammula, gramineus, lanuginosus, lingua, montanus, oreophilus, platanifolius, polyanthemos, repens, sardous, sceleratus, thora, velutinus.

Only rarely on Anemone. In dried pools also on Ranunculus aquatilis (Buhr, 1932a).


Larvae can be found almost throughout the year, “even under the snow” (Hering, 1957a). Own material from May to November.


BE recorded (De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus, 1991a; Scheirs, De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus, 1999a).

NE recorded van der Wulp (1871a, as praecox and zetterstedtii).

LUX recorded (Ellis, several localities).

distribution within Europe

Entire western Europe (Fauna Europaea, 2008).




Phytomyza flaveola Fallén, 1810; Ph. flava Fallén, 1823; Ph. albipes Meigen, 1830; Ph. flavoscutellata Meigen, 1830; Ph. pallida Meigen, 1830; Ph. praecox Meigen, 1830; Ph. scutellata Meigen, 1830; Ph. terminalis Meigen, 1830; Ph. vitripennis Meigen, 1830; Ph. maculipes Brullé, 1832; Ph. incisa Macquart, 1835; Ph. citrina von Roser, 1840; Ph. cinereovittata Zetterstedt, 1848; Ph. zetterstedtii Schiner, 1864; Ph. flavotibialis Strobl, 1902; Ph. islandica Rydén, 1953; Ph. pentalinearis Kuroda, 1954; Ph. tenuipennis Singh & Ipe, 1973.

parasitoids, predators

Chrysocharis viridis; Miscogaster maculata.


May well be our commonest leaf miner.


Amsel & Hering (1933a), Andersen (2013a), Andersen & Jonassen (1994a), Beiger (1955a, 1960a, 1965a, 1970a, 1979a), Beuk (2002a), Bland (1977a, 1992b), De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus (1991a), Buhr (1930a, 1932a, 1941b, 1964a), Černý (2001a, 2007a, 2011a, 2013a), Černý, Andrade, Gonçalves & von Tschirnhaus (2018a), Černý, Barták & Roháček (2004a), Černý, Barták & Vaněk (2009a), Černý & Merz (2005a, 2006a, 2007a), Černý & Vála (1999a), Černý, Vála Barták (2001a), Chałańska, Łabanowski & Soika (2006a), Civelek (2004a), Ci̇velek, Çikman & Dursun (2008a), Dempewolf (2001a), Drăghia (1972a, 1974a), Dreger & Myssura (2005a), Eiseman & Lonsdale (2018a), van Frankenhuyzen, Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Gil Ortiz (2009a), Griffiths (1962a, 1964a), Guglya (2021a), Haase (1942a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1924a, 1925a,b, 1927a, 1936b, 1955b, 1957a, 1967a), Huber (1969a), Kabos (1971a), Kvičala (1938a), Maček (1999a), Manning (1956a), Masetti, Lanzoni, Burgio & Süss (2004a), de Meijere (1924a, 1926a, 1939a, 1946a), Michalska (1970a, 1972a, 1976a, 2003a), Nowakowski (1954a), Ostrauskas, Pakalniškis & Taluntytė (2003a), Pakalniškis (1982b, 1990a, 1998a, 2004a), Pârvu (2005a), Robbins (1991a), Sasakawa (1961a), Scheirs, De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus (1995a, 1996a, 1999a), Scheirs, De Bruyn & Verdyck (1993a), Seidel (1957a), Skala (1951a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Spencer (1953a, 1967a, 1972a, 1976a,b), Starke (1942a), Starý (1930a), Süss (1982a), Süss & Moreschi (2003a), von Tschirnhaus (1982a, 1999a), Utech (1962a), Vála & Rohacek (1983a), Warrington (2019c), van Wielink (2020a), van der Wulp (1871a), Zoerner (1969a, 1970a).

Last modified 6.xii.2022